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Introduction

Cooperation between the public administrations is essential to provide services to citizens and safeguarding their rights. Such cooperation requires conditions that allow its fluidity, for which it is necessary that interoperability. Interoperability facilitates principles and rights of citizens; cooperation in the development and delivery of public services; as well as greater efficiency and effectiveness in the deployment and in the provision of services.

Article 3 ‘ general principles ’ Law 40/2015, 1 October, of Legal Regime of the public Sector (Opens in new window) includes interoperability between the principles of action of public administrations, so that these intersect with each other via electronic means that ensure interoperability and security systems and solutions adopted by each, the protection of personal data, and facilitate preferably joint delivery of services to stakeholders.
 
Rule 156 of law 40/2015 reflects the schema national of Interoperability (ENI) that “ includes the set of criteria and recommendations on security, conservation and standardization of information, formats and applications that should be taken into account by public administrations for decision-making technological interoperability ”.
The ENI was established earlier article 42 of Law 11/2007 and materialises in the Royal Decree 4/2010, of January 8th, that regulates the National Schema interoperability (Opens in new window) in the field of E-government.
 
The technical standards for interoperability specify details to facilitate the most practical and operational interoperability between public administrations and with the citizen. Are accompanied by implementation guides and other supplementary documents.

The ENI is the result of a work coordinated by the ministry of economic affairs and Digital Transformation. All public administrations participated in the elaboration of the ENI through the collegiate bodies with competence in the field of digital administration; and also counted with the opinion of associations of the industry of information technology and communications.

In the development of the ENI and their technical standards were taken into account the recommendations from the European Union, particularly from the European Framework of interoperability (Opens in new window) disponible a la fecha; por tanto, el ENI se ubica en el contexto europeo de políticas, actos, documentos y servicios relativos a la interoperabilidad; además, contempla la noción del enlace con los diversos instrumentos equivalentes del ámbito de la Unión Europea, sean redes de comunicaciones, componentes elementales (building blocks), o servicios para la cooperación en interoperabilidad o la reutilización.

Goals

The national Schema Interoperability has the following goals:

  • Understand the criteria and recommendations que deberán ser tenidos en cuenta por las administraciones públicas para la toma de decisiones tecnológicas que garanticen la interoperabilidad y que eviten la discriminación a los ciudadanos por razón de su elección tecnológica. Y que, por tanto, contribuyen a crear las condiciones necesarias para la interoperabilidad en el uso de los medios electrónicos que permitan a los ciudadanos y a las administraciones el ejercicio de derechos y el cumplimiento de deberes a través de estos medios.
  • Provide the common elements que han de guiar la actuación de las administraciones públicas en materia de interoperabilidad, para facilitar la interacción de las administraciones públicas, así como la comunicación de los requisitos de interoperabilidad a la industria.
  • Facilitate the implementation of security policies to contribute to a more rational scenario technical and economies of scale.

Interoperability is conceived, like security, from a global perspective, so that there can be no action punctual or cyclical treatments, due to the weakness of a system is determined by its point more fragile and often this point is the coordination between individual measures appropriate but poorly assembled.

Elements of the National Schema interoperability

The main elements of the ENI are:

  • The basic principles of interoperability : la interoperabilidad como cualidad integral presente desde la concepción de los servicios y sistemas y a lo largo de su ciclo de vida; el carácter multidimensional de la interoperabilidad; y el enfoque de soluciones multilaterales. (Arts. 4 - 7)
  • Organisational interoperability : incluye los aspectos relativos a la publicación de servicios a través de la Red de comunicaciones de las AA.PP. ( SARA "href =" https :// administracionelectronica.gob.es/ctt/redsara "> Network SARA ), with the associated conditions; the use of nodes of interoperability; and maintain inventories of administrative information. (Arts. 8 - 9).
  • Semantic interoperability: through the publication and implementation of data models of exchange, horizontal and sectoral, as well as those relating to infrastructure, services and common tools. (10)
  • Technical interoperability: through the use of standards under the conditions provided in the rules to ensure the independence in the election, adaptability to progress and non-discrimination of people because of their choice technology. (art. 11)
  • Infrastructures and common services , elementos de dinamización, simplificación y propagación de la interoperabilidad, a la vez que facilitadores de la relación multilateral. (Art. 12)
  • Use preferably of the communications network of public administrations Spanish to communicate with each other and the connecting networks and interoperability nodes, using the Routing Plan administration . SARA "href =" https :// administracionelectronica.gob.es/ctt/redsara "> Network SARA provides the aforementioned Communications network. (Arts. 13 - 15)
  • Reuse: incluye condiciones de licenciamiento de las aplicaciones, de la documentación asociada y de otros objetos de información que las AA.PP. pongan a disposición de otras administraciones y de los ciudadanos; enlace entre los directorios de aplicaciones reutilizables y consulta por parte de las AA.PP. de las soluciones disponibles para libre reutilización; así como publicación del código de las aplicaciones. (Arts. 16 - 17)
  • Interoperability of electronic signatures and certificates: the policy of electronic signature and certificates of the General administration of the state as tool that can be used as a reference for other AA.PP.; aspects relating to the validation of certificates and electronic signatures, lists of confidence, user applications, service providers of certification and validation platforms of certificates and electronic signature. (Arts. 18 - 20)
  • The recovery and conservation of the electronic document, as a manifestation of interoperability over time, and that uniquely affects the electronic document. (Arts. 21 – 24)
  • Creates the technical standards for interoperability and the instruments for interoperability. (First Additional Provision)

Scope

El ámbito de aplicación del Esquema Nacional de Seguridad es el establecido en el artículo 2 de las leyes 39/2015 y 40/2015 sobre el ámbito subjetivo y lo indicado sobre el sector público institucional.

Alignment to the National Schema interoperability

To adjust the ENI is of interest Audit guide ENI compliance (Opens in new window) que tiene por objetivo facilitar que se pueda realizar una valoración del cumplimiento de las medidas de interoperabilidad, señalando una lista de controles sobre el Esquema Nacional de Interoperabilidad. Dichos controles se estructuran en tres categorías siguiendo el modelo del ENS:

  • Organizational framework referring to those controls demanding horizontal measures, such as the legal aspects of action policies or certain decisions, often referred to the governance of interoperability.
  • Operational framework , referido a aquellos controles cuyo cumplimiento requiere la adopción de prácticas, procedimientos y medidas alineadas con la administración de la interoperabilidad como un conjunto, incluyendo el diseño, la implementación, la configuración y explotación de sistemas interoperables.
  • Technical measures , que suponen requisitos concretos que permiten garantizar la interoperabilidad, incluyendo formatos, vocabularios o protocolos.

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Unión Europea. Proyecto cofinanciado por el Fondo Europeo de Desarrollo Regional (FEDER)

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