Cooperation between the public administrations is essential to provide services to citizens and safeguarding their rights. Such cooperation requires conditions that allow its fluidity, for which it is necessary that interoperability. Interoperability facilitates principles and rights of citizens; cooperation in the development and delivery of public services; as well as greater efficiency and effectiveness in the deployment and in the provision of services.
Article 3 ‘ general principles ’
Ley 40/2015, de 1 de octubre, de Régimen Jurídico del Sector Público
includes interoperability between the principles of action of public administrations, so that these intersect with each other via electronic means that ensure interoperability and security systems and solutions adopted by each, the protection of personal data, and facilitate preferably joint delivery of services to stakeholders.
El artículo 156 de la Ley 40/2015 recoge el Esquema Nacional de Interoperabilidad (ENI) que “comprende el conjunto de criterios y recomendaciones en materia de seguridad, conservación y normalización de la información, de los formatos y de las aplicaciones que deberán ser tenidos en cuenta por las Administraciones Públicas para la toma de decisiones tecnológicas que garanticen la interoperabilidad”.
The ENI was established earlier article 42 of Law 11/2007 and materialises in the Royal Decree 4/2010, of January 8th, that regulates the National Schema interoperability in the field of E-government.
The technical standards for interoperability specify details to facilitate the most practical and operational interoperability between public administrations and with the citizen. Are accompanied by implementation guides and other supplementary documents.
The ENI is the result of a work coordinated by the ministry of economic affairs and Digital Transformation. All public administrations participated in the elaboration of the ENI through the collegiate bodies with competence in the field of digital administration; and also counted with the opinion of associations of the industry of information technology and communications.
In the development of the ENI and their technical standards were taken into account the recommendations from the European Union, particularly from the European Framework of interoperability available to date; therefore, the ENI is located in the European context of policies, acts, documents and services related to interoperability; moreover, includes the notion of the link to the various instruments equivalent of the scope of the European Union, are communications networks, basic components (building blocks), or services for cooperation in interoperability or reuse.