Cooperation between the public administrations is essential to provide services to citizens and safeguarding their rights. Such cooperation requires conditions that allow its fluidity, for which it is necessary that interoperability. Interoperability facilitates principles and rights of citizens; cooperation in the development and delivery of public services; as well as greater efficiency and effectiveness in the deployment and in the provision of services.
Article 3 ‘ general principles ’
Law 40/2015, 1 October, of Legal Regime of the public Sector
includes interoperability between the principles of action of public administrations, so that these intersect with each other via electronic means that ensure interoperability and security systems and solutions adopted by each, the protection of personal data, and facilitate preferably joint delivery of services to stakeholders.
Rule 156 of law 40/2015 reflects the schema national of Interoperability (ENI) that “ includes the set of criteria and recommendations on security, conservation and standardization of information, formats and applications that should be taken into account by public administrations for decision-making technological interoperability ”.
The ENI was established earlier article 42 of Law 11/2007 and materialises in the Royal Decree 4/2010, of January 8th, that regulates the National Schema interoperability in the field of E-government.
The technical standards for interoperability specify details to facilitate the most practical and operational interoperability between public administrations and with the citizen. Are accompanied by implementation guides and other supplementary documents.
The ENI is the result of a work coordinated by the ministry of economic affairs and Digital Transformation. All public administrations participated in the elaboration of the ENI through the collegiate bodies with competence in the field of digital administration; and also counted with the opinion of associations of the industry of information technology and communications.
In the development of the ENI and their technical standards were taken into account the recommendations from the European Union, particularly from the European Framework of interoperability disponible a la fecha; por tanto, el ENI se ubica en el contexto europeo de políticas, actos, documentos y servicios relativos a la interoperabilidad; además, contempla la noción del enlace con los diversos instrumentos equivalentes del ámbito de la Unión Europea, sean redes de comunicaciones, componentes elementales (building blocks), o servicios para la cooperación en interoperabilidad o la reutilización.