Cooperation between the public administrations is essential to provide services to citizens and guarantee their rights. Such cooperation requires such conditions that enable its fluidity, requires interoperability. Interoperability facilitates the realization of principles and rights of citizens; cooperation in the development and delivery of public services; as well as a more effective and efficient deployment and in the provision of services.
Article 3 “ general principles ’ Law 40/2015, of 1 october, from The Legal Regime of the public Sector includes interoperability between the principles of action of the public administrations, so that these will relate to one another through electronic means to ensure interoperability and safety systems and solutions adopted by each of them, the protection of personal data, and facilitate the provision of services to stakeholders.
Article 156 of the law 40/2015 reflects the national Interoperability (ENI) that “ it includes the set of criteria and recommendations on security, maintenance and standardization of information, formats and applications that should be taken into account by public authorities for decision-making technological guarantee interoperability ”.
The ENI was established earlier in article 42 of law 11/2007 and is embodied in the Royal Decree 4/2010, of 8 january, which regulates the national Interoperability in the area of E-government.
The technical standards for interoperability specific details to facilitate the most practical and operational interoperability between the public and with the citizen. They are accompanied by implementation guides and other supplementary documents.
The ENI is the result of a coordinated by the ministry of economic and Digital Transformation. All public administrations involved in drafting the ENI through Collegial bodies with competence in the area of digital administration; and was also organized with the opinion of the industry associations of information and communication technologies.
In the development of the ENI and their technical standards were taken into account the recommendations from the european union, particularly of the European Interoperability framework available to date; therefore, the ENI is located in the context of european policies, actions, documents and services relating to interoperability; it also contemplates the concept of the liaison with the various instruments equivalent the scope of the european union, are communications networks, basic components (building blocks), or services for cooperation in interoperability or reuse.