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Introduction

Cooperation between the public administrations is essential to provide services to citizens and safeguarding their rights. Such cooperation requires conditions that allow its fluidity, for which it is necessary that interoperability. Interoperability facilitates principles and rights of citizens; cooperation in the development and delivery of public services; as well as greater efficiency and effectiveness in the deployment and in the provision of services.

Article 3 ‘ general principles ’ Law 40 / 2015, 1 October, of Legal Regime of the public Sector (Opens in new window) includes interoperability between the principles of action of public administrations, so that these intersect with each other via electronic means that ensure interoperability and security systems and solutions adopted by each, the protection of personal data, and facilitate preferably joint delivery of services to stakeholders.
 
El artículo 156 de la Ley 40/2015 recoge el Esquema Nacional de Interoperabilidad (ENI) que “comprende el conjunto de criterios y recomendaciones en materia de seguridad, conservación y normalización de la información, de los formatos y de las aplicaciones que deberán ser tenidos en cuenta por las Administraciones Públicas para la toma de decisiones tecnológicas que garanticen la interoperabilidad”.
The ENI was established earlier article 42 of Law 11 / 2007 and materialises in the Royal Decree 4 / 2010, of January 8th, that regulates the National Schema interoperability (Opens in new window) in the field of E-government.
 
The technical standards for interoperability specify details to facilitate the most practical and operational interoperability between public administrations and with the citizen. Are accompanied by implementation guides and other supplementary documents.

El ENI es el resultado de un trabajo coordinado por el a la fecha Ministerio de Política Territorial y Función Pública. Todas las Administraciones Públicas participaron en la elaboración del ENI a través de los órganos colegiados con competencia en materia de administración digital; y se  contó también con la opinión de las asociaciones de la industria del sector de tecnologías de la información y las comunicaciones.

En la elaboración del ENI y de sus normas técnicas se tuvieron presentes las recomendaciones provenientes de la Unión Europea, particularmente del el European Framework of interoperability (Opens in new window) available to date; therefore, the ENI is located in the European context of policies, acts, documents and services related to interoperability; moreover, includes the notion of the link to the various instruments equivalent of the scope of the European Union, are communications networks, basic components (building blocks), or services for cooperation in interoperability or reuse.

Goals

The national Schema Interoperability has the following goals:

  • Understand the criteria and recommendations that should be taken into account by public administrations for decision-making technological interoperability and avoid discrimination citizens by reason of their choice technology. And, therefore, help create conditions for interoperability in the use of electronic media that allow citizens to and administrations the exercise of rights and duties through these means.
  • Provide the common elements to guide the performance of public administrations on interoperability, to facilitate interaction of public administrations, as well as the communication of the requirements of interoperability industry.
  • Facilitate the implementation of security policies to contribute to a more rational scenario technical and economies of scale.

Interoperability is conceived, like security, from a global perspective, so that there can be no action punctual or cyclical treatments, due to the weakness of a system is determined by its point more fragile and often this point is the coordination between individual measures appropriate but poorly assembled.

Elements of the National Schema interoperability

The main elements of the ENI are:

  • The basic principles of interoperability : la interoperabilidad como cualidad integral presente desde la concepción de los servicios y sistemas y a lo largo de su ciclo de vida; el carácter multidimensional de la interoperabilidad; y el enfoque de soluciones multilaterales. (Arts. 4 - 7)
  • Organisational interoperability : incluye los aspectos relativos a la publicación de servicios a través de la Red de comunicaciones de las AA.PP. ( SARA "href =" https: / / administracionelectronica.gob.es / ctt / redsara "> Network SARA ), con las condiciones asociadas; la utilización de nodos de interoperabilidad; y el mantenimiento de inventarios de información administrativa. (Arts. 8 - 9).
  • Semantic interoperability: through the publication and implementation of data models of exchange, horizontal and sectoral, as well as those relating to infrastructure, services and common tools. (10)
  • Technical interoperability: a través del uso de estándares en las condiciones previstas en la normativa para garantizar la independencia en la elección, la adaptabilidad al progreso y la no discriminación de los ciudadanos por razón de su elección tecnológica. (art. 11)
  • Infrastructures and common services elements of dynamization, simplification and spread of interoperability, while facilitating connection multilateral. (Art. 12)
  • Use preferably of the communications network of public administrations españolas para comunicarse entre sí y a la que conectarán sus redes y nodos de interoperabilidad, aplicando el Routing Plan administration . SARA "href =" https: / / administracionelectronica.gob.es / ctt / redsara "> Network SARA provides the aforementioned Communications network. (Arts. 13 - 15)
  • Reuse: includes conditions of licensing of applications, the documentation associated and other objects of information that the AA.PP. made available to other administrations and citizens; liaison between the directories reusable applications and consultation by the AA.PP. of solutions available for free reuse; as well as publication of the code of applications. (Arts. 16 - 17)
  • Interoperability of electronic signatures and certificates: la política de firma electrónica y de certificados de la Administración General del Estado como herramienta que podrá ser utilizada como referencia por otras AA.PP.; aspectos relativos a la validación de certificados y firmas electrónicas, las listas de confianza, las aplicaciones usuarias, los prestadores de servicios de certificación y las plataformas de validación de certificados y firma electrónica. (Arts. 18 - 20)
  • The recovery and conservation of the electronic document, as a manifestation of interoperability over time, and that uniquely affects the electronic document. (Arts. 21 – 24)
  • Creates the technical standards for interoperability and the instruments for interoperability. (First Additional Provision)

Scope

El ámbito de aplicación del Esquema Nacional de Seguridad es el establecido en el artículo 2 de las leyes 39/2015 y 40/2015 sobre el ámbito subjetivo y lo indicado sobre el sector público institucional.

Alignment to the National Schema interoperability

To adjust the ENI is of interest Audit guide ENI compliance (Opens in new window) which aims to facilitate to enable an assessment of the implementation of the measures of interoperability, noting a list of controls on the National Schema of Interoperability. Such controls are divided into three categories following the model of ENS:

  • Organizational framework , referido a aquellos controles cuyo cumplimiento exige medidas horizontales, como los aspectos jurídicos, de políticas de actuación o determinadas decisiones, frecuentemente referidas a la gobernanza de la interoperabilidad.
  • Operational framework , referido a aquellos controles cuyo cumplimiento requiere la adopción de prácticas, procedimientos y medidas alineadas con la administración de la interoperabilidad como un conjunto, incluyendo el diseño, la implementación, la configuración y explotación de sistemas interoperables.
  • Technical measures , que suponen requisitos concretos que permiten garantizar la interoperabilidad, incluyendo formatos, vocabularios o protocolos.

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