The need for cooperation is particularly intense in the European Union. The citizens of the European Union are often forced to interact with the administrations of other member states other than their own; the administrations of different Member states must cooperate with each other to solve problems of citizens, as well as with the Community institutions for questions concerning common policies. Interoperability is an essential element for cooperation and, in particular, for implementing digital public services.
In this context communautaire interoperability is relevant in general for the realization of the principle of only once (once-only principle) and specifically for areas such as internal market, environment, justice, customs, taxation, health, food safety, European funds, public sector information, electronic identity, standardization TIC, statistical and procurement.
En consecuencia, el logro de la interoperabilidad entre las administraciones está considerado en la Unión Europea como un aspecto esencial para mejorar la eficiencia y la eficacia de la prestación de los servicios, a la vez que compartir y reutilizar las soluciones de interoperabilidad ya existentes puede ayudar a contener la multiplicación de costes. Este papel relevante de la interoperabilidad viene recogido en diversos actos comunitarios como, entre los más recientes, el European Framework of interoperability , Tallin Ministerial declaration , Decision ISA ² and Action Plan of electronic administration 2016-2020 among other players.
In particular, the Ministerial declaration of electronic administration of Tallin , adoptada el 6 de octubre de 2017, refuerza el compromiso con los principios del Action Plan of electronic administration 2016-2020 and includes among its lines of action those relating to the principle of only once and interoperability by default, to promote, essentially, reuse of data in the primary records, as well as solutions from both the EU ( CEF Telecom and ISA ² ), as the administrations of member states.
Contribute particularly interoperability in the actions of the UE program ISA ² , digital services and infrastructure basic components (building blocks) result of the instrument Telecom CEF as well as other ongoing proceedings as the normalization TIC.
Program ISA ²
(Interoperability Solutions and common frameworks for public administrations, enterprises and European citizens) in the current period 2016-2020, work continues of earlier programmes (one-WAY II, IDABC, ISA) to promote interoperability in the HAT; facilitate cross-border electronic interaction or intersectoral efficient and effective both between the European AA.PP. as between them and businesses and citizens, and contribute to the development of electronic administration more effective, simplified and client-oriented at national, regional and local public administration; promote interoperability solutions to facilitate the implementation of the policies and activities of the union; and facilitate the reuse of interoperability solutions on the part of the European AA.PP..
ISA ² with its financing promotes an extensive collection of actions that include:
- maintenance of the strategy, the framework and the European architecture of interoperability;
- promotion of interoperability solutions existing and new and reuse;
- mechanisms to quantify cost savings due to the interoperability;
- detección de lagunas legislativas en materia de interoperabilidad y evaluación de las implicaciones en materia de TIC de la legislación comunitaria.
The Observatory national frameworks of interoperability ( NIFO – National Interoperability Framework Observatory ) is an action of Program ISA ² that tracks by European countries of the following issues:
- The main activities on interoperability.
- The national interoperability framework.
- Alignment with the European Framework of interoperability .
- Other initiatives on interoperability.
For each country prepares a tab based on an analysis of corresponding interoperability framework and activities relating through an analytical model which aims to show the state of the art.
The European Union launched in 2013 ‘ Connect Europa ’ mechanism (Connecting Europe Facility – CEF ) to finance the deployment of infrastructure pan-europeas for interconnection of member states in the fields of energy, transport and telecommunications. The domain of telecommunications, known as Telecom CEF , finances infrastructure development of digital services whose purpose is to enable digital interactions between public authorities citizens and businesses through standardized interaction platforms, cross-border and easy to use.
The infrastructure of digital services that have a more sectoral nature are: access to digital resources of European heritage; services infrastructure for a safer internet; European platform for the interconnection of business registers Europeans; access to public sector information reusable; and online services transboundary interoperable (in areas of justice, social security, etc.).
Además, ciertas infraestructuras de servicios digitales tienen el carácter de ‘componentes elementales’. Estos componentes elementales, son: identificación y autenticación electrónica; entrega electrónica de documentos; traducción automática; ciberseguridad; y facturación electrónica y archivo electrónico.
The European policy of normalization TIC is also a tool for achieving interoperability. Is exercised through the
Regulation (HAT) No 1025 / 2012
on European standardisation and platform European Multi-stakeholder Platform on ICT Standardisation (MSP-ICT)
who advises the commission, particularly in relation to the identification of technical specifications
that may be referenced in public procurement.