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The need for cooperation is especially acute in the european Union. The citizens of the european union generally have to interact with the administrations of other member states other than their own; the governments of the various Member states must cooperate with each other to solve problems of citizens, as well as with the community institutions for matters related to common policies. Interoperability is an indispensable element for the cooperation and, in particular, to the practical realization of the digital public services.

In this context of the community interoperability is relevant to the realization of the principle of only once (once-only principle) and specifically for areas such as the internal market, environment, justice, customs, taxation, health, food safety, european funds, public sector information, electronic identity, standardization, statistics and ICT procurement.

Accordingly, the achievement of interoperability between administrations is considered in the european Union as an essential aspect for improving the efficiency and effectiveness of the provision of services, while sharing and reuse of interoperability solutions already existing ones may help contain the multiplication of costs. This important role of interoperability in various community acts as, among the most recent ones, European Interoperability framework (Opens in new window) , Ministerial declaration of Tallinn , Decision ISA ² (Opens in new window) and The Plan of action of electronic administration 2016-2020 (Opens in new window) , among others.

In particular, Ministerial declaration of electronic administration in tallinn; , adoptada el 6 de octubre de 2017, refuerza el compromiso con los principios del The Plan of action of electronic administration 2016-2020 (Opens in new window) e incluye entre sus líneas de acción las relativas al principio de solo una vez y a la interoperabilidad por defecto, para promover, esencialmente, la reutilización de datos en los registros primarios, así como de soluciones provenientes tanto del ámbito comunitario ( THE FSB Telecom and ISA ² (Opens in new window) ), as of the administrations of member states.

Are especially involved interoperability in the eu's actions ISA ² programme (Opens in new window) , digital services and infrastructure basic components (building blocks) outcome of the instrument THE FSB Telecom (Opens in new window) as well as other proceedings under way as standardization Ict.

The ISA ² programme (Opens in new window)  (Soluciones de interoperabilidad y marcos comunes para las administraciones públicas, las empresas y los ciudadanos europeos) vigente en el período 2016-2020, continúa la labor de programas previos (IDA, IDA II, IDABC, ISA) para promover la interoperabilidad en la UE; facilitar una interacción electrónica transfronteriza o intersectorial eficiente y eficaz tanto entre las AA.PP. europeas como entre ellas y las empresas y los ciudadanos, y contribuir al desarrollo de una administración electrónica más eficaz, simplificada y orientada a los usuarios en los niveles nacional, regional y local de la administración pública; promover soluciones de interoperabilidad que faciliten la ejecución de las políticas y actividades de la Unión; y facilitar la reutilización de las soluciones de interoperabilidad por parte de las AA.PP. europeas.
 
ISA ² (Opens in new window) with its financing promotes an extensive collection of actions including:

  • mantenimiento de la estrategia, el marco y la arquitectura europea de interoperabilidad;
  • promoting interoperability solutions existing and new, and reuse;
  • mechanisms to quantify savings in costs of interoperability;
  • detection of legislative gaps in the field of interoperability and evaluation of the implications in ict community legislation.

The Observatory of the National Frameworks for interoperability ( NIFO – National Interoperability Framework Observatory (Opens in new window) ) is an action ISA ² programme (Opens in new window)   (Opens in new window) the follow-up by european countries of the following issues:

  1. The main activities on interoperability.
  2. The framework of interoperability.
  3. The alignment with the European Interoperability framework (Opens in new window) .
  4. Other initiatives on interoperability.

For each country develops a tab (Opens in new window) after studying the interoperability framework and related activities through an analytical model which aims to show the status of art.

The European union launched in 2013, the ‘ Connect Europe mechanism ’ (Connecting Europe Facility – FSB (Opens in new window) ) to finance the deployment of infrastructure for connectivity pan-europeas of member states in the fields of energy, transport and telecommunications. The domain of telecommunication, known as THE FSB Telecom (Opens in new window) finances infrastructure development of digital services whose purpose is to allow digital interactions between public authorities citizens and businesses through standard platforms for interaction, transboundary and user-friendly.

Las infraestructuras de servicios digitales que tienen un carácter más sectorial son: acceso a los recursos digitales del patrimonio europeo; infraestructura de servicios para una internet más segura; plataforma europea para la interconexión de los registros mercantiles europeos; acceso a la información del sector público reutilizable; y servicios en línea interoperables transfronterizos (en ámbitos de justicia, seguridad social, etc.).
 
In addition, some of the infrastructure of digital services have the character of ‘ basic components. These components are: basic identification and electronic authentication; delivery of documents; electronic automated translation; cybersecurity; and electronic invoicing and electronic filing.

The european standardization ict is an instrument for the achievement of interoperability. Is the Regulation (EU) No. 1025/2012 (Opens in new window) on european standardisation and the platform European Multi-stakeholder Platform on ICT Standardisation (MSP-ICT) (Opens in new window) advising the commission, particularly in connection with the identification of technical specifications (Opens in new window) that can be referenced in the procurement.
 

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