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La necesidad de cooperación es especialmente intensa en la Unión Europea. Los ciudadanos de la Unión Europea se ven obligados a menudo a relacionarse con las administraciones de otros Estados miembros distintos del suyo propio; las administraciones de los distintos Estados miembros deben cooperar unas con otras para resolver problemas de los ciudadanos, así como con las instituciones comunitarias para cuestiones relativas a políticas comunes. La interoperabilidad es un elemento indispensable para la cooperación y, en concreto, para la realización práctica de los servicios públicos digitales transfronterizos.

En este contexto comunitario la interoperabilidad es relevante en general para la realización del principio de solo una vez (once-only principle) y de forma específica para áreas tales como mercado interior, medio ambiente, justicia, aduanas, fiscalidad, sanidad, salud alimentaria, fondos europeos, información del sector público, identidad electrónica, estandarización TIC, estadística y contratación pública.

En consecuencia, el logro de la interoperabilidad entre las administraciones está considerado en la Unión Europea como un aspecto esencial para mejorar la eficiencia y la eficacia de la prestación de los servicios, a la vez que compartir y reutilizar las soluciones de interoperabilidad ya existentes puede ayudar a contener la multiplicación de costes. Este papel relevante de la interoperabilidad viene recogido en diversos actos comunitarios como, entre los más recientes, el European Framework of interoperability (Opens in new window) , Tallin Ministerial declaration , Decision ISA ² (Opens in new window) and Action Plan of electronic administration 2016-2020 (Opens in new window) among other players.

In particular, the Ministerial declaration of electronic administration of Tallin on 6 October 2017, strengthens the commitment with the principles of Action Plan of electronic administration 2016-2020 (Opens in new window) e incluye entre sus líneas de acción las relativas al principio de solo una vez y a la interoperabilidad por defecto, para promover, esencialmente, la reutilización de datos en los registros primarios, así como de soluciones provenientes tanto del ámbito comunitario ( CEF Telecom and ISA ² (Opens in new window) ), as the administrations of member states.

Contribuyen particularmente a la interoperabilidad en la UE las acciones del program ISA ² (Opens in new window) , digital services and infrastructure basic components (building blocks) result of the instrument Telecom CEF (Opens in new window) as well as other ongoing proceedings as the normalization TIC.

The Program ISA ² (Opens in new window) (Interoperability Solutions and common frameworks for public administrations, enterprises and European citizens) in the current period 2016-2020, work continues of earlier programmes (one-WAY II, IDABC, ISA) to promote interoperability in the HAT; facilitate cross-border electronic interaction or intersectoral efficient and effective both between the European AA.PP. as between them and businesses and citizens, and contribute to the development of electronic administration more effective, simplified and client-oriented at national, regional and local public administration; promote interoperability solutions to facilitate the implementation of the policies and activities of the union; and facilitate the reuse of interoperability solutions on the part of the European AA.PP..
 
ISA ² (Opens in new window) with its financing promotes an extensive collection of actions that include:

  • mantenimiento de la estrategia, el marco y la arquitectura europea de interoperabilidad;
  • promotion of interoperability solutions existing and new and reuse;
  • mechanisms to quantify cost savings due to the interoperability;
  • detection of legislative gaps on interoperability and assessing the implications of the TIC Community legislation.

The Observatory national frameworks of interoperability ( NIFO – National Interoperability Framework Observatory (Opens in new window) ) is an action of Program ISA ² (Opens in new window)   (Opens in new window) that tracks by European countries of the following issues:

  1. The main activities on interoperability.
  2. The national interoperability framework.
  3. Alignment with the European Framework of interoperability (Opens in new window) .
  4. Other initiatives on interoperability.

For each country prepares a tab (Opens in new window) a partir del análisis del marco de interoperabilidad correspondiente y de las actividades relacionadas a través de un modelo analítico que persigue mostrar el estado del arte.

The European Union launched in 2013 ‘ Connect Europa ’ mechanism (Connecting Europe Facility – CEF (Opens in new window) ) para financiar el despliegue de infraestructuras pan-europeas para la interconexión de los Estados miembros en los dominios de energía, transporte y telecomunicaciones. El dominio de telecomunicaciones, conocido como Telecom CEF (Opens in new window) , finances infrastructure development of digital services whose purpose is to enable digital interactions between public authorities citizens and businesses through standardized interaction platforms, cross-border and easy to use.

The infrastructure of digital services that have a more sectoral nature are: access to digital resources of European heritage; services infrastructure for a safer internet; European platform for the interconnection of business registers Europeans; access to public sector information reusable; and online services transboundary interoperable (in areas of justice, social security, etc.).
 
In addition, certain infrastructure of digital services have the character of ‘ basic components. These components elementary, are: electronic identification and authentication; electronic delivery of documents; automatic translation; cybersecurity; and electronic invoicing and electronic file.

The European policy of normalization TIC is also a tool for achieving interoperability. Is exercised through the Regulation (HAT) No 1025/2012 (Opens in new window) on European standardisation and platform European Multi-stakeholder Platform on ICT Standardisation (MSP-ICT) (Opens in new window) que asesora a la Comisión en la materia, particularmente, en relación con la identification of technical specifications (Opens in new window) that may be referenced in public procurement.