La necesidad de cooperación es especialmente intensa en la Unión Europea. Los ciudadanos de la Unión Europea se ven obligados a menudo a relacionarse con las administraciones de otros Estados miembros distintos del suyo propio; las administraciones de los distintos Estados miembros deben cooperar unas con otras para resolver problemas de los ciudadanos, así como con las instituciones comunitarias para cuestiones relativas a políticas comunes. La interoperabilidad es un elemento indispensable para la cooperación y, en concreto, para la realización práctica de los servicios públicos digitales transfronterizos.
In this context communautaire interoperability is relevant in general for the realization of the principle of only once (once-only principle) and specifically for areas such as internal market, environment, justice, customs, taxation, health, food safety, European funds, public sector information, electronic identity, standardization TIC, statistical and procurement.
Consequently, the achievement of interoperability between administrations is considered in the European Union as an essential aspect to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the provision of services, while sharing and reuse interoperability solutions that already exist can help contain the multiplication of costs. This important role of interoperability comes up in various Community acts as, among the most recent, the European Framework of interoperability , Tallin Ministerial declaration , Decision ISA ² and Action Plan of electronic administration 2016-2020 among other players.
In particular, the Ministerial declaration of electronic administration of Tallin , adoptada el 6 de octubre de 2017, refuerza el compromiso con los principios del Action Plan of electronic administration 2016-2020 and includes among its lines of action those relating to the principle of only once and interoperability by default, to promote, essentially, reuse of data in the primary records, as well as solutions from both the EU ( CEF Telecom and ISA ² ), as the administrations of member states.
Contribute particularly interoperability in the actions of the UE program ISA ² , digital services and infrastructure basic components (building blocks) result of the instrument Telecom CEF as well as other ongoing proceedings as the normalization TIC.
Program ISA ²
(Interoperability Solutions and common frameworks for public administrations, enterprises and European citizens) in the current period 2016-2020, work continues of earlier programmes (one-WAY II, IDABC, ISA) to promote interoperability in the HAT; facilitate cross-border electronic interaction or intersectoral efficient and effective both between the European AA.PP. as between them and businesses and citizens, and contribute to the development of electronic administration more effective, simplified and client-oriented at national, regional and local public administration; promote interoperability solutions to facilitate the implementation of the policies and activities of the union; and facilitate the reuse of interoperability solutions on the part of the European AA.PP..
ISA ² with its financing promotes an extensive collection of actions that include:
- mantenimiento de la estrategia, el marco y la arquitectura europea de interoperabilidad;
- promotion of interoperability solutions existing and new and reuse;
- mechanisms to quantify cost savings due to the interoperability;
- detection of legislative gaps on interoperability and assessing the implications of the TIC Community legislation.
The Observatory national frameworks of interoperability ( NIFO – National Interoperability Framework Observatory ) is an action of Program ISA ² that tracks by European countries of the following issues:
- The main activities on interoperability.
- The national interoperability framework.
- Alignment with the European Framework of interoperability .
- Other initiatives on interoperability.
For each country prepares a tab based on an analysis of corresponding interoperability framework and activities relating through an analytical model which aims to show the state of the art.
The European Union launched in 2013 ‘ Connect Europa ’ mechanism (Connecting Europe Facility – CEF ) to finance the deployment of infrastructure pan-europeas for interconnection of member states in the fields of energy, transport and telecommunications. The domain of telecommunications, known as Telecom CEF , finances infrastructure development of digital services whose purpose is to enable digital interactions between public authorities citizens and businesses through standardized interaction platforms, cross-border and easy to use.
The infrastructure of digital services that have a more sectoral nature are: access to digital resources of European heritage; services infrastructure for a safer internet; European platform for the interconnection of business registers Europeans; access to public sector information reusable; and online services transboundary interoperable (in areas of justice, social security, etc.).
In addition, certain infrastructure of digital services have the character of ‘ basic components. These components elementary, are: electronic identification and authentication; electronic delivery of documents; automatic translation; cybersecurity; and electronic invoicing and electronic file.
The European policy of normalization TIC is also a tool for achieving interoperability. Is exercised through the
Regulation (HAT) No 1025 / 2012
on European standardisation and platform European Multi-stakeholder Platform on ICT Standardisation (MSP-ICT)
who advises the commission, particularly in relation to the identification of technical specifications
that may be referenced in public procurement.