The need for cooperation is particularly intense in the European Union. The citizens of the European Union are often forced to interact with the administrations of other member states other than their own; the administrations of different Member states must cooperate with each other to solve problems of citizens, as well as with the Community institutions for questions concerning common policies. Interoperability is an essential element for cooperation and, in particular, for implementing digital public services.
In this context communautaire interoperability is relevant in general for the realization of the principle of only once (once-only principle) and specifically for areas such as internal market, environment, justice, customs, taxation, health, food safety, European funds, public sector information, electronic identity, standardization TIC, statistical and procurement.
Consequently, the achievement of interoperability between administrations is considered in the European Union as an essential aspect to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the provision of services, while sharing and reuse interoperability solutions that already exist can help contain the multiplication of costs. This important role of interoperability comes up in various Community acts as, among the most recent, the European Framework of interoperability , Tallin Ministerial declaration , Decision ISA ² and Action Plan of electronic administration 2016-2020 among other players.
In particular, the Ministerial declaration of electronic administration of Tallin on 6 October 2017, strengthens the commitment with the principles of Action Plan of electronic administration 2016-2020 e incluye entre sus líneas de acción las relativas al principio de solo una vez y a la interoperabilidad por defecto, para promover, esencialmente, la reutilización de datos en los registros primarios, así como de soluciones provenientes tanto del ámbito comunitario ( CEF Telecom and ISA ² ), as the administrations of member states.
Contribuyen particularmente a la interoperabilidad en la UE las acciones del program ISA ² , digital services and infrastructure basic components (building blocks) result of the instrument Telecom CEF as well as other ongoing proceedings as the normalization TIC.
Program ISA ²
(Interoperability Solutions and common frameworks for public administrations, enterprises and European citizens) in the current period 2016-2020, work continues of earlier programmes (one-WAY II, IDABC, ISA) to promote interoperability in the HAT; facilitate cross-border electronic interaction or intersectoral efficient and effective both between the European AA.PP. as between them and businesses and citizens, and contribute to the development of electronic administration more effective, simplified and client-oriented at national, regional and local public administration; promote interoperability solutions to facilitate the implementation of the policies and activities of the union; and facilitate the reuse of interoperability solutions on the part of the European AA.PP..
ISA ² with its financing promotes an extensive collection of actions that include:
- maintenance of the strategy, the framework and the European architecture of interoperability;
- promotion of interoperability solutions existing and new and reuse;
- mechanisms to quantify cost savings due to the interoperability;
- detección de lagunas legislativas en materia de interoperabilidad y evaluación de las implicaciones en materia de TIC de la legislación comunitaria.
The Observatory national frameworks of interoperability ( NIFO – National Interoperability Framework Observatory ) is an action of Program ISA ² that tracks by European countries of the following issues:
- The main activities on interoperability.
- The national interoperability framework.
- Alignment with the European Framework of interoperability .
- Other initiatives on interoperability.
For each country prepares a tab a partir del análisis del marco de interoperabilidad correspondiente y de las actividades relacionadas a través de un modelo analítico que persigue mostrar el estado del arte.
The European Union launched in 2013 ‘ Connect Europa ’ mechanism (Connecting Europe Facility – CEF ) para financiar el despliegue de infraestructuras pan-europeas para la interconexión de los Estados miembros en los dominios de energía, transporte y telecomunicaciones. El dominio de telecomunicaciones, conocido como Telecom CEF , financia el desarrollo de las infraestructuras de servicios digitales cuyo propósito es permitir interacciones digitales entre autoridades públicas ciudadanos y empresas a través de plataformas de interacción normalizadas, transfronterizas y fáciles de utilizar.
The infrastructure of digital services that have a more sectoral nature are: access to digital resources of European heritage; services infrastructure for a safer internet; European platform for the interconnection of business registers Europeans; access to public sector information reusable; and online services transboundary interoperable (in areas of justice, social security, etc.).
In addition, certain infrastructure of digital services have the character of ‘ basic components. These components elementary, are: electronic identification and authentication; electronic delivery of documents; automatic translation; cybersecurity; and electronic invoicing and electronic file.
The European policy of normalization TIC is also a tool for achieving interoperability. Is exercised through the
Regulation (HAT) No 1025/2012
on European standardisation and platform European Multi-stakeholder Platform on ICT Standardisation (MSP-ICT)
que asesora a la Comisión en la materia, particularmente, en relación con la identification of technical specifications
that may be referenced in public procurement.