La transformación digital del Sector Público ha de ir acompañada de medidas organizativas y técnicas de seguridad que protejan la información manejada y los servicios prestados, proporcionadas a los riesgos provenientes de acciones malintencionadas o ilícitas, particularmente de las ciberamenazas, errores o fallos y accidentes o desastres.
Law 39/2015, 1 October, Common Administrative procedure of public administrations
collects between the rights of people in their relations with public administrations, established in Article 13, the relative “ to the protection of personal data, and in particular the security and confidentiality of the data contained in the files, systems and applications of public administrations ”. While the security is among the principles of action of public administrations, as well as the guarantee of protection of personal data, as established in the Law 40/2015, 1 October, of Legal Regime of the public Sector
in his article 3 dealing with the general principles relating to relations of administrations by electronic means.
In response to the foregoing, article 156 of law 40/2015 reflects the
National security scheme (NHIS)
“ aims to establish security policy in the use of electronic media in the scope of this law, and consists of the basic principles and minimum requirements that adequately information security treated ”.
The ENS was previously established by Article 42 of Law 11/2007 and is regulated by the
Royal Decree 3/2010, of January 8th
, which was modified by the Royal Decree 951/2015
to update it in the light of experience in their implantation of the evolution of technology and cyber threats and international regulatory context and European.
technical safety instructions
, binding, are essential to ensure adequate, uniform and consistent implementation of the requirements and measures contained in the outline and, particularly, to indicate the common way of acting on specific aspects: Report of the state of security;
Notification of security incidents;
Audit of safety;
Line with the national security Scheme;
Adquisición de productos de seguridad; Criptología de empleo en el Esquema Nacional de Seguridad; Interconexión en el Esquema Nacional de Seguridad; y Requisitos de seguridad en entornos externalizados.
The guides of security by the National PKIX Centre, called
and available in the Portal del CCN-CERT
help with best compliance with the national security Scheme, in particular, the collection of guides of the series 800.
The ENS was developed in the light of the state of the art and the main referents in safety of information from the European Union, OCDE, national and international standardization, like in other countries, etc.
The ENS is the result of a work coordinated by the Ministry of Territorial Policy and Public function together with the National PKIX Centre (CCN) and the participation of all the AA.PP., through the collegiate bodies responsible for digital administration. They have been designed with the view of industry associations TIC sector.
El Esquema Nacional de Seguridad (ENS) persigue los siguientes objetivos :
Create the conditions of safety in the use of electronic media
through measures to ensure the safety systems, data, communications, and electronic services, allowing the exercise of rights and duties through these means.
Promote continuing management security
Promote prevention detection and correction,
for better resilience in the scene of cyber threats and cyber attacks.
Promote a homogeneous treatment security
to facilitate cooperation in the provision of public services digitales when participating various entities. This means providing the common elements that guide the performance of public Sector entities in safety of information technologies; also provide a common language to facilitate interaction, as well as the communication of the requirements of information security industry.
Serve as a model of good practices,
en línea con lo apuntado en las recomendaciones de la OCDE «
Digital Security Risk Management for Economic and Social Prosperity - OECD Recommendation and Companion Document
In the national security Scheme is conceived security as an integral activity, in which there can be no action punctual or cyclical treatments, due to the weakness of a system is determined by its point more fragile and often this point is the coordination between individual measures appropriate but poorly assembled.
Elements of the national security Scheme
The main elements of ENS are as follows:
The basic principles
to consider in decisions on security (arts. 4-10).
The minimum requirements
allow adequate protection of information (arts. 11-26).
The mechanism for achieving compliance with the basic principles and minimum requirements
through security measures provided
a la naturaleza de la información y los servicios a proteger (arts. 27, 43, 44, Anexo I y Anexo II).
The use of common infrastructure and services
The instructions security techniques
(art. 29 and additional provision 4th).
The audit of safety
(art. 34 and Annex (III).
The response to security incidents
(arts. 36 and 37).
The use of certified products
(art. 18., annex II and annex V).
The training and awareness
(additional provision first).
The principal mandate of ENS is established in Article 11 ‘ minimum requirements of security ’, whereby “ all the higher level of public administrations should formally have its security policy that articulates continued management of security, which shall be adopted by the holder of the corresponding upper Body ”, which was established in base to the basic principles and will run through the minimum requirements.
Accordance with ENS
The ENS in its Article 41 on ‘ Publication in accordance ’ notes that the bodies and public entities give publicity in the corresponding electronic headquarters declarations of conformity, and the hallmarks of security of those who are creditors, obtained with regard to compliance with ENS. After the entry into force of laws 39/2015 and 40/2015 affects all public Sector entities in Spain, as well as private Sector operators providing solutions and services, not only of security, or interested in the certification of conformity with the ENS.
Technical safety instruction in accordance with the ENS
» Establishes criteria and procedures for the conformity assessment, as well as for advertising of that line. Precise obtaining mechanisms and publicity declarations of conformity and of the hallmarks of security obtained with regard to compliance with ENS.