Cooperation between the AA.PP. is essential to provide services to citizens and guarantee their right to interact with them electronically. Such cooperation requires conditions that allow the same can be carried out smoothly for which it is necessary that interoperability.
The national Schema Interoperability stipulated in article 156, paragraph 1, of the law 40 / 2015, 1 October, of Legal Regime of the public Sector, which replaces paragraph 1 of Article 42 of Law 11 / 2007, of 22 June, electronic access of citizens to public services.
The national Schema Interoperability (ENI), regulated by the
Royal Decree 4 / 2010
of 8 January, establishes the set of criteria and recommendations that should be taken into account by the AA.PP. for decision-making technological interoperability. technical standards for interoperability
under its additional provision first developed specific aspects.
The ENI has been formulated by the light of the state of the art and the main referents on interoperability from the European Union, national and international standardization, like in other countries, etc. The ENI is aligned with the
European Strategy of interoperability
and European Framework of interoperability
. Both the ENI, as their technical standards for interoperability, contemplate systematically liaison with equivalent instruments in the European area.
The national Schema Interoperability has the following goals:
- Understand the criteria and recommendations that should be taken into account by the AA.PP. for decision-making technological interoperability that allows the exercise of rights and duties through electronic access to public services, while benefiting the effectiveness and efficiency, and to avoid discrimination citizens by reason of your choice.
- Enter the common elements that guide the actions of the AA.PP. on interoperability.
- Make a common language to facilitate interaction of the AA.PP., as well as the communication of the requirements of interoperability industry.
Interoperability is conceived from a comprehensive perspective, so that there can be no action punctual or cyclical treatments, due to the weakness of a system is determined by its point more fragile and often this point is the coordination between individual measures appropriate but poorly assembled.
Elements of the National Schema interoperability
The ENI introduces the following main elements:
- The specific principles of interoperability: interoperability as integral quality present from conception of services and systems and throughout their life cycle; the multidimensional nature of interoperability; and the approach of multilateral solutions.
- Technical interoperability: through the
use of standards
under the conditions laid down in the regulations to ensure the independence in the election, adaptability to progress and non-discrimination of people because of their choice.
infrastructure and common services
elements of dynamization, simplification and spread of interoperability, while facilitating connection multilateral. The second AA.PP. those infrastructures and services that can establish in its scope with the common infrastructure and services to provide the General administration of the state to facilitate interoperability and multilateral relationship.
- Use, preferably, the communications network of the Spanish public administrations to communicate with each other and the connecting networks and interoperability nodes, using the
Routing Plan administration
and official time
. SARA network
provides the aforementioned Communications network.
: includes conditions of licensing of applications, the documentation associated and other objects of information that the AA.PP. made available to other administrations and citizens; Technology transfer centre
link between applications directories reusable and consultation by the AA.PP. of solutions available for free reuse; as well as publication of the code of the applications.
Its scope is laid down in Article 2 of the Act 40 / 2015 1 October, of Legal Regime of the public Sector.
Alignment to the National Schema interoperability
In the interim provision of the Royal Decree 4 / 2010 articulates a phased mechanism to adjust to foreseen in the national Schema Interoperability so that the systems of administrations must be appropriate to this scheme in timelines in no case exceeding 48 months since the entry into force of the same.
Questionnaire to monitor the ENI alignment
The adequacy guide ENI
Royal Decree 4 / 2010
of 8 January (BOE of 28 January), which regulates the schema national of interoperability in the field of electronic administration.
Bugfixes of Royal Decree 4 / 2010, of January 8th, that regulates the schema national of interoperability in the field of electronic administration (BOE of 11 March).
Consolidated text Royal Decree 4 / 2010, of January 8th. (Includes bug fixes published on 11 March 2010).
The ENI is the result of a work coordinated by the ministry of the presidency, later taken over by the Ministry of Finance and public administrations, with the participation of all the AA.PP., through the collegiate bodies with responsibilities for electronic administration. They have been designed with the view of industry associations TIC sector.