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Introduction

Cooperation between the public administrations is essential to provide services to citizens and safeguarding their rights. Such cooperation requires conditions that allow its fluidity, for which it is necessary that interoperability. Interoperability facilitates principles and rights of citizens; cooperation in the development and delivery of public services; as well as greater efficiency and effectiveness in the deployment and in the provision of services.

Article 3 ‘ general principles ’ Law 40/2015, 1 October, of Legal Regime of the public Sector (Opens in new window) includes interoperability between the principles of action of public administrations, so that these intersect with each other via electronic means that ensure interoperability and security systems and solutions adopted by each, the protection of personal data, and facilitate preferably joint delivery of services to stakeholders.
 
Rule 156 of law 40/2015 reflects the schema national of Interoperability (ENI) that “ includes the set of criteria and recommendations on security, conservation and standardization of information, formats and applications that should be taken into account by public administrations for decision-making technological interoperability ”.
The ENI was established earlier article 42 of Law 11/2007 and materialises in the Real Decreto 4/2010, de 8 de enero, por el que se regula el Esquema Nacional de Interoperabilidad (Opens in new window) in the field of E-government.
 
The technical standards for interoperability specify details to facilitate the most practical and operational interoperability between public administrations and with the citizen. Are accompanied by implementation guides and other supplementary documents.

El ENI es el resultado de un trabajo coordinado por el Ministerio de Asuntos Económicos y Transformación Digital. Todas las Administraciones Públicas participaron en la elaboración del ENI a través de los órganos colegiados con competencia en materia de administración digital; y se  contó también con la opinión de las asociaciones de la industria del sector de tecnologías de la información y las comunicaciones.

En la elaboración del ENI y de sus normas técnicas se tuvieron presentes las recomendaciones provenientes de la Unión Europea, particularmente del el European Framework of interoperability (Opens in new window) available to date; therefore, the ENI is located in the European context of policies, acts, documents and services related to interoperability; moreover, includes the notion of the link to the various instruments equivalent of the scope of the European Union, are communications networks, basic components (building blocks), or services for cooperation in interoperability or reuse.

Goals

The national Schema Interoperability has the following goals:

  • Understand the criteria and recommendations that should be taken into account by public administrations for decision-making technological interoperability and avoid discrimination citizens by reason of their choice technology. And, therefore, help create conditions for interoperability in the use of electronic media that allow citizens to and administrations the exercise of rights and duties through these means.
  • Provide the common elements que han de guiar la actuación de las administraciones públicas en materia de interoperabilidad, para facilitar la interacción de las administraciones públicas, así como la comunicación de los requisitos de interoperabilidad a la industria.
  • Facilitate the implementation of security policies , al contribuir a un escenario de mayor racionalidad técnica y de economías de escala.

Interoperability is conceived, like security, from a global perspective, so that there can be no action punctual or cyclical treatments, due to the weakness of a system is determined by its point more fragile and often this point is the coordination between individual measures appropriate but poorly assembled.

Elements of the National Schema interoperability

The main elements of the ENI are:

  • The basic principles of interoperability : interoperability as integral quality present from conception of services and systems and throughout their life cycle; the multidimensional nature of interoperability; and the approach of multilateral solutions. (Arts. 4 - 7)
  • Organisational interoperability : includes aspects related to the publication of services via the communications network of the AA.PP. ( SARA "href =" https :// administracionelectronica.gob.es/ctt/redsara "> Network SARA ), with the associated conditions; the use of nodes of interoperability; and maintain inventories of administrative information. (Arts. 8 - 9).
  • Semantic interoperability: through the publication and implementation of data models of exchange, horizontal and sectoral, as well as those relating to infrastructure, services and common tools. (10)
  • Technical interoperability: a través del uso de estándares en las condiciones previstas en la normativa para garantizar la independencia en la elección, la adaptabilidad al progreso y la no discriminación de los ciudadanos por razón de su elección tecnológica. (art. 11)
  • Infrastructures and common services , elementos de dinamización, simplificación y propagación de la interoperabilidad, a la vez que facilitadores de la relación multilateral. (Art. 12)
  • La utilización, preferentemente, de la Red de comunicaciones de las Administraciones Públicas españolas para comunicarse entre sí y a la que conectarán sus redes y nodos de interoperabilidad, aplicando el Routing Plan administration . SARA "href =" https :// administracionelectronica.gob.es/ctt/redsara "> Network SARA provides the aforementioned Communications network. (Arts. 13 - 15)
  • Reuse: incluye condiciones de licenciamiento de las aplicaciones, de la documentación asociada y de otros objetos de información que las AA.PP. pongan a disposición de otras administraciones y de los ciudadanos; enlace entre los directorios de aplicaciones reutilizables y consulta por parte de las AA.PP. de las soluciones disponibles para libre reutilización; así como publicación del código de las aplicaciones. (Arts. 16 - 17)
  • Interoperability of electronic signatures and certificates: the policy of electronic signature and certificates of the General administration of the state as tool that can be used as a reference for other AA.PP.; aspects relating to the validation of certificates and electronic signatures, lists of confidence, user applications, service providers of certification and validation platforms of certificates and electronic signature. (Arts. 18 - 20)
  • The recovery and conservation of the electronic document, as a manifestation of interoperability over time, and that uniquely affects the electronic document. (Arts. 21 – 24)
  • Creates the technical standards for interoperability and the instruments for interoperability. (First Additional Provision)

Scope

The scope of the national security Scheme is established in Article 2 of laws 39/2015 and 40/2015 on the field subjective and what is stated on the public sector institutional.

Alignment to the National Schema interoperability

To adjust the ENI is of interest Audit guide ENI compliance (Opens in new window) which aims to facilitate to enable an assessment of the implementation of the measures of interoperability, noting a list of controls on the National Schema of Interoperability. Such controls are divided into three categories following the model of ENS:

  • Organizational framework referring to those controls demanding horizontal measures, such as the legal aspects of action policies or certain decisions, often referred to the governance of interoperability.
  • Operational framework referring to those controls which requires practices, procedures and actions aligned with the administration of interoperability as a whole, including the design, implementation, configuration and exploitation of interoperable systems.
  • Technical measures , que suponen requisitos concretos que permiten garantizar la interoperabilidad, incluyendo formatos, vocabularios o protocolos.

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