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Introduction

Cooperation between the public administrations is essential to provide services to citizens and guarantee their rights. Such cooperation requires such conditions that enable its fluidity, requires interoperability. Interoperability facilitates the realization of principles and rights of citizens; cooperation in the development and delivery of public services; as well as a more effective and efficient deployment and in the provision of services.

Article 3 “ general principles ’ Law 40/2015, of 1 october, from The Legal Regime of the public Sector (Opens in new window) includes interoperability between the principles of action of the public administrations, so that these will relate to one another through electronic means to ensure interoperability and safety systems and solutions adopted by each of them, the protection of personal data, and facilitate the provision of services to stakeholders.
 
Article 156 of the law 40/2015 reflects the national Interoperability (ENI) that “ it includes the set of criteria and recommendations on security, maintenance and standardization of information, formats and applications that should be taken into account by public authorities for decision-making technological guarantee interoperability ”.
El ENI fue establecido anteriormente en el artículo 42 de la Ley 11/2007 y se materializa en el Real Decreto 4/2010, de 8 de enero, por el que se regula el Esquema Nacional de Interoperabilidad (Opens in new window) in the area of E-government.
 
The technical standards for interoperability specific details to facilitate the most practical and operational interoperability between the public and with the citizen. They are accompanied by implementation guides and other supplementary documents.

El ENI es el resultado de un trabajo coordinado por el Ministerio de Asuntos Económicos y Transformación Digital. Todas las Administraciones Públicas participaron en la elaboración del ENI a través de los órganos colegiados con competencia en materia de administración digital; y se  contó también con la opinión de las asociaciones de la industria del sector de tecnologías de la información y las comunicaciones.

In the development of the ENI and their technical standards were taken into account the recommendations from the european union, particularly of the European Interoperability framework (Opens in new window) disponible a la fecha; por tanto, el ENI se ubica en el contexto europeo de políticas, actos, documentos y servicios relativos a la interoperabilidad; además, contempla la noción del enlace con los diversos instrumentos equivalentes del ámbito de la Unión Europea, sean redes de comunicaciones, componentes elementales (building blocks), o servicios para la cooperación en interoperabilidad o la reutilización.

Objectives

The national Interoperability pursues the following objectives:

  • To understand the criteria and recommendations to be taken into account by public authorities for decision-making technological guarantee interoperability and to avoid discrimination to citizens by reason of their choice. And thus contribute to creating the conditions necessary for interoperability in the use of electronic means to allow citizens to governments and the exercise of rights and the fulfilment of duties through such means.
  • Provide the common elements to guide the actions of public administrations on interoperability, to facilitate the interaction of public administrations, as well as the communication of the requirements of interoperability to industry.
  • To facilitate the implementation of security policies by contributing to a greater degree of technical soundness and economies of scale.

Interoperability is conceived, safety, in a comprehensive manner, so that there is no specific sections conjunctural or treatments, because the weakness of a system is determined by its most fragile and often this point is coordination between appropriate measures individually but poorly assembled.

Elements of the national Interoperability

The main elements of the ENI are:

  • The basic principles of interoperability : la interoperabilidad como cualidad integral presente desde la concepción de los servicios y sistemas y a lo largo de su ciclo de vida; el carácter multidimensional de la interoperabilidad; y el enfoque de soluciones multilaterales. (Arts. 4 - 7)
  • Organizational interoperability : incluye los aspectos relativos a la publicación de servicios a través de la Red de comunicaciones de las AA.PP. ( SARA "href =" https :// administracionelectronica.gob.es/ptt/redsara "> network SARA ), with the conditions attached; the use of nodes of interoperability; and keeping an inventory of administrative information (Arts. 8 - 9).
  • The semantic interoperability: through the publication and implementation of the data model, horizontal and sectoral, as well as those relating to the infrastructure, services and common tools. (Art.10)
  • Technical interoperability: a través del uso de estándares en las condiciones previstas en la normativa para garantizar la independencia en la elección, la adaptabilidad al progreso y la no discriminación de los ciudadanos por razón de su elección tecnológica. (art. 11)
  • Infrastructures and common services dynamization, elements, simplification and spread of interoperability, while facilitating multilateral engagement. (Art. 12)
  • The use, preferably, of the communications network of public administrations in spain to communicate with each other and their networks that connect and nodes of interoperability, applying Plan addressing the administration . The SARA "href =" https :// administracionelectronica.gob.es/ptt/redsara "> network SARA given the above-mentioned Communications network. (Arts. 13 - 15)
  • Reuse: includes conditions of dismissal of applications, documentation and other objects of information by public administrations to make available to other authorities and of citizens; link between the directories of reusable applications and by public administrations of solutions available for free reuse; as well as publication of the code of applications. (Arts. 16 - 17)
  • The interoperability of electronic signatures and certificates: la política de firma electrónica y de certificados de la Administración General del Estado como herramienta que podrá ser utilizada como referencia por otras AA.PP.; aspectos relativos a la validación de certificados y firmas electrónicas, las listas de confianza, las aplicaciones usuarias, los prestadores de servicios de certificación y las plataformas de validación de certificados y firma electrónica. (Arts. 18 - 20)
  • The revival and preservation of the electronic record, como manifestación de la interoperabilidad a lo largo del tiempo, y que afecta de forma singular al documento electrónico. (Arts. 21 – 24)
  • Creates the technical standards for interoperability and instruments to interoperability. (Additional provision first)

Ámbito of implementation

El ámbito de aplicación del Esquema Nacional de Seguridad es el establecido en el artículo 2 de las leyes 39/2015 y 40/2015 sobre el ámbito subjetivo y lo indicado sobre el sector público institucional.

Alignment with national Interoperability

To the adequacy of ENI is of interest to the Guide of implementation of audit ENI (Opens in new window) that is intended to facilitate to carry out an assessment of the implementation of the measures of interoperability, pointing out a list of measures on national Interoperability. Such controls are structured into three categories following the model of the NHIS:

  • Organizational framework , referred to those controls demanding horizontal measures, such as the legal aspects of policies for action or certain decisions, often referred to the governance of interoperability.
  • Operational framework , referred to those controls whose implementation requires the adoption of practices, procedures and measures in line with the administration of interoperability as a whole, including the design, implementation and the design and operation of interoperable systems.
  • Technical measures , que suponen requisitos concretos que permiten garantizar la interoperabilidad, incluyendo formatos, vocabularios o protocolos.

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