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Accessibility in the international context

Accessibility of products of information technologies and communication is a necessity for many users with different functional diversity but also benefits all citizenship in general.

El 2 de diciembre de 2016 se publicó en el Boletín oficial de la Unión Europea la Directive (HAT) 2016/2102 of the European Parliament and of the board of 26 October 2016, on the accessibility of websites and applications for mobile devices of the public sector agencies (Opens in new window) and entered into force on 22 December 2016. This directive sets the constraints, with respect to its accessibility, which must meet all websites and mobile applications of the public sector: state, regional, local, university, etc. also including other bodies such as health and education centres, libraries, courts, etc.

The Directive aims to ensure that the websites and applications for mobile devices of the public sector agencies more accessible, based on common requirements of accessibility for all states of the European Union. This, an end to the fragmentation of the internal market through the approximation of national measures to scale of the union, and the establishment of accessibility requirements agreed that apply to all public sector agencies European. This reduces uncertainty for developers and promotes interoperability.

This Directive has been transposed to Spanish legislation through the Royal Decree 1112/2018, 7 September, on the web accessibility and applications for mobile devices in the public sector (Opens in new window) . Este nuevo Real Decreto sustituye y mejora las condiciones que ya se exigían a los portales de las administraciones públicas en el Royal Decree 1494/2007 (Opens in new window) .

On 11 October 2018 the European commission adopted two decisions through which are the following aspects impacting in Spain through the Royal Decree 1112/2018 mentioned above:

  • Decision 2018/1523 (Opens in new window) model: sets the accessibility declaration that should employ all websites and mobile applications of the public sector agencies. The decision publishes a specific version in Spanish with instructions on this information to fill. As established in Article 15 of the "1112/2018 should be reviewed annually. Given that is not yet defined state model, by default this European model, newly published, and therefore enters into force on 1 November 2018 with its publication in the DOUE.
  • Decision 2018/1524 (Opens in new window) methodology: provides a monitoring and provisions for reporting that will have to comply with the member states to track at the national level of compliance with the requirements of the directive and make the periodic report every 3 years to the European commission. Actions and coordination at the national level needed to implement this decision fit within articles 18, 19 and 20 of the Royal Decree 1112/2018.

On 21 December 2018 was published in the Official Journal of the European Union Decisión de Ejecución (UE) 2018/2048 de la Comisión, de 20 de diciembre de 2018 , sobre la norma armonizada aplicable a los sitios web y a las aplicaciones para dispositivos móviles redactada en apoyo de la Directiva (UE) 2016/2102 del Parlamento Europeo y del Consejo.

Mediante esta decisión se establece que el estándar de aplicación para el cumplimiento de la Directive (HAT) 2016/2102 is the norm

This rule, aligned with the WCAG 2.1 , reflected in the all the requirements for web pages in order to comply with the directive (HAT) 2016/2102, equivalent to meet all the requirements of level of the and AA WCAG 2.1 more a series of specific requirements for special cases.

In the case of mobile applications, will apply from 23 June 2021.

Todas estas actuaciones se encuadran y se ligan con el plano nacional a través del Web accessibility observatory

There are also other directives as Directive 2014/24/UE del Parlamento Europeo y del Consejo, de 26 de febrero de 2014, on public procurement and the new directive, the " Accessibility Act ", DIRECTIVA (UE) 2019/882 del parlamento Europeo y del Consejo, de 17 de abril de 2019 (Opens in new window) on accessibility requirements of products and services affecting the accessibility of the TIC in spain.

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