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Public administrations and the transition between IPv4 and IPv6.

Public Administrations are simultaneously agents promoters of transition process and actors in the same.

Public administrations and the transition between IPv4 and IPV6

Public Administrations are simultaneously agents promoters of transition process and actors in the same. On the one hand, establish collaborative conditions in which necessarily has to be a collective task, through cooperation with industry and telecommunications operators and dissemination and awareness in Internet users. Furthermore, the same Public Administrations need an extension of the scarce resource that are the Internet addresses. Sensors environmental, Armed Forces highly specialized jobs, administration in real time, … are needs of the near future for the implementation of the TIC within the administrative activity. To all this would be added the role of public administrations as providers of services to society via the Internet.

For the global nature of the Internet, this process cannot be addressed exclusively from a national perspective, but has done since the coordination with international agencies. A starting point in the coordinated effort of states to develop policies homogeneous in this area is the Ministerial declaration of the OECD on the future of the Internet economy (Seúl, 2008). In the same Member States committed themselves to foster IPv6 both by governments as large consumers IPv4 Address (Opens in new window) . As guidelines for the development of public policies in this sense, the OECD recommends (Opens in new window) :

  • Working with the private sector and other stakeholders to increase education and awareness and reduce bottlenecks
  • Show the government's commitment to IPv6
  • Seek international cooperation and monitoring of implementation of IPv6.

Most recent landmarks in international cooperation in the transition between IPv4 and IPv6 come from ITU-T and the European Union. In both cases, it begins to clinch a more active role of public administrations in the migration process, drive them into lead by example the same. The resolution 180 ITU-T taken at the conference in Guadalajara in October 2010 (Opens in new window) , inciting the member states of the organization to upgrade their systems and most relevant services within the scope of public service to ensure compatibility with IPv6. On the other hand, the European commission, both within the “ Digital Agenda for Europa ” and “ Action Plan of E-government for Europa 2011-2015 (Opens in new window) ”, incite to support the migration process through the interoperability of services of E-government with IPv6.

Los acuerdos internacionales sobre el camino a seguir en la transición de IPv4 a IPv6, junto con la cada vez más urgente necesidad de comenzarla de modo efectivo por el próximo agotamiento del espacio de direccionamiento IPv4, está dando lugar a una nueva generación de planes de migración nacionales, fijando de un modo más exigente fechas limite para el proceso. Ejemplo de ello es el Memoradum dictado en el Gobierno Federal de Estados Unidos “ Transition to IPv6 (Opens in new window) ”. The most common actions on them are

  • Make an inventory of capacities IPv6 previously developed, technical and human
  • Define a profile of equipping acquisitions compatible with IPv6 (Opens in new window)
  • Implantar la obligación de cumplir el perfil definido en todas las adquisiciones
  • Make visible public services since the connections IPv6

Al respecto del último de los puntos, es importante señalar que ello no implica necesariamente una transición global de todo el equipamiento interno de las Administraciones Públicas. La utilización de los mecanismos de interoperabilidad descritos en la RFC 4213 puede evitar en algunos casos el coste de una migración completa y ser funcionalmente satisfactoria.

En el caso de las Administraciones Públicas españolas, en el proceso de migración será esencial contemplar el impacto de la transición a IPv6 de la “Red de Comunicaciones de las Administraciones Públicas Españolas”, definida en el artículo 43 de la Ley 11/2007. La evolución de dicha red, como elemento clave de la interoperabilidad entre las Administraciones Públicas Españolas, supondrá la modificación de los instrumentos de interoperabilidad que la soportan y que están definidos en el Real Decreto 4/2010 (“Plan de Direccionamiento de la Administración” previsto en su artículo 14 y Norma Técnica de Interoperabilidad “Requisitos de conexión a la Red de comunicaciones de las Administraciones Públicas españolas” previsto en su Disposición Adicional Primera).

These and other aspects have been covered by the agreement of council of ministers of 29 April 2011, which approves the Plan de fomento para la incorporación del protocolo IPv6 en España (Opens in new window) .

General access point
General access point