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Accessibility is a problematic treated and widely hailed in both national and international. This is why they have created a series of resources that allow you to specify the characteristics that must meet the content available through Web technologies, Intranets and other computer networks, so that they can be used by most of the people, including people with disabilities and elderly, autonomously or through technical aids pertinentes.Entre these resources are:

Standard In 301 549:2018, version 2.1.2, "accessibility requirements for products and services TIC"

The standard AT 301 version 2.1.2 549:2018 (Opens in new window) especifica los requisitos funcionales de accesibilidad aplicables a los productos y servicios que incluyan TIC (sitios web, software, apps nativas, documentos, hardware, etc). Además de describir los procedimientos de prueba y la metodología de evaluación a seguir para cada requisito de accesibilidad.

Moreover, this new version of the IN 301-549 has been declared by the European commission as harmonised standard for the implementation of the Web Accessibility directive in Implementation decision (HAT) 2018 / 2048 of the committee, 20 December 2018 . Therefore, from 21 December 2018, is the standard that applies in the Spanish public administrations.

Currently, this new version is available on the web of ETSI (Opens in new window) . No obstante, esta versión se materializa en la norma española UNE-EN 301549:2019 , que en virtud del acuerdo suscrito por la Secretaría de Estado de Función Pública y AENOR (Opens in new window) can be accessed through the PAe.

Accessibility guidelines for Web content (WCAG) 2.1

The Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.1 son la última versión de las pautas de accesibilidad del contenido en la Web del W3C (World Wide Web Consortium).

The new the version 2.1.2 IN 301-549:2018 (Opens in new window) is aligned with the WCAG 2.1 and therefore introduces all changes incorporated into this last: new criteria of conformity, new pattern "2.5 Modes of entry", etc.

It is also worth mentioning that in this new version have not been changed the criteria according to the WCAG 2.0, even his numbering.

Norma UNE 139803:2012. Requisitos de Accesibilidad para contenidos en la web.

Es un norma española que establece los requisitos de accesibilidad para los contenidos web. En cuanto a sus requisitos referencia completamente a las Pautas de Accesibilidad para el contenido web WCAG2.0 (Opens in new window) the Initiative for Web accessibility (Opens in new window) (WAI) of Web consortium (Opens in new window) (W3C) therefore there is a direct correlation between them. This rule updates the UNE 139803:2004.

The Secretariat of state of Public Administrations has signed an agreement with AENOR (Opens in new window) for the free distribution of this rule through the Portal of E-government. Is prohibited the distribution of this document by other means other than authorized by AENOR.

Web Content Accessibility Guidelines WCAG 2.0

The WCAG 2.0 (Opens in new window) are an evolving WCAG 1.0. It is an international recommendation on how to make accessible the contents of the website for people with disabilities and approved in December 2008. Take into account the new technological factors and the experience of using the WCAG 1.0.

Standard ISO / IEC 40500:2012

The standard ISO / IEC 40500:2012 (Opens in new window) , aprobado en octubre de 2012, es el estándar internacional que recoge las pautas de accesibilidad web WCAG 2.0. De este modo, las diferentes legislaciones nacionales pueden recoger referencias a este estándar favoreciendo la armonización internacional.

UNE-EN 301 549, “Requisitos de accesibilidad de productos y servicios TIC aplicables a la contratación pública en Europa” – “Accessibility requirements suitable for public procurement of ICT products and services in Europe”

This rule, the AT 301 549 (Opens in new window) , establece los requisitos funcionales que garantizarán que los productos y servicios TIC sean accesibles para todas las personas; por ejemplo, desde un teléfono móvil, hasta ordenadores, pasando por páginas web; así, los requisitos para la web se basan en las directrices de accesibilidad de contenidos web WCAG 2.0, desarrolladas por W3C, estando en línea con los indicados en la norma española UNE 139803, ‘Requisitos de accesibilidad para contenidos en la Web’. Además, la norma europea, publicada en ETSI (Opens in new window) describes testing procedures and the evaluation methodology of each of them. The standard has been taken to the catalogue English as UNE-EN 301 549 by AENOR, the entity legally responsible for the development of technical standards in spain.

The Secretariat of state of Public Administrations has signed an agreement with AENOR (Opens in new window) for the dissemination of this rule through the Portal of E-government. Is prohibited the distribution of this document by other means other than authorized by AENOR.

WAI-ARIA Accessible Rich Internet Applications

WAI-ARIA (Opens in new window)   , aprobada en marzo del 2014, es una recomendación internacional que define cómo hacer el contenido y las aplicaciones webs más accesibles para personas con discapacidad. Es de especial ayuda para la generación de contenido dinámico y para interfaces de usuario avanzadas desarrolladas con AJAX, HTML y Javascript. Se engloba en la Initiative for Web accessibility (WAI) (Opens in new window) from Consortium of the Web (W3C) (Opens in new window) .

Norma UNE 139803:2004. Requisitos de Accesibilidad para contenidos en la web.

The standard UNE 139803:2004 is a Spanish rule, which has taken as the starting point for its realization guidelines for the accessibility of content on the Web 1.0 (WCAG 1.0) of the initiative for Web accessibility (WAI) of the consortium of the Web (W3C). in most accessibility requirements both rules are equivalent but the norm UNE is slightly more demanding and has increased the priority of any of these requirements. Therefore, a portal that meet the standard UNE will also be under the WCAG 1.0. However, a portal according to the WCAG 1.0 you might need to make some changes to achieve a certain level of accessibility according to the standard UNE.

Spanish legislation, by ROYAL DECREE 1494 / 2007, dated 12 November, which approves the Regulation on the basic conditions for the access of persons with disabilities to the information society obliges the websites of public administrations to meet the requirements of priority 1 and 2 specified in the standard UNE.

Unified Methodology of Evaluation UWEM 1.0 Web

The UWEM 1.0 (Opens in new window) describes a methodology for the assessment of the implementation of the recommendation WCAG 1.0. The purpose of this methodology is to ensure that the tools and techniques developed evaluation for large-scale monitoring or for evaluation in local, compatible and coherent among themselves and with the initiative WAI.

General access point
General access point