Accessibility is a problematic treated and widely hailed in both national and international. This is why they have created a series of resources that allow you to specify the characteristics that must meet the content available through Web technologies, Intranets and other computer networks, so that they can be used by most of the people, including people with disabilities and elderly, autonomously or through technical aids pertinentes.Entre these resources are:
Standard In 301 549:2018, version 2.1.2, "accessibility requirements for products and services TIC"
The standard AT 301 version 2.1.2 549:2018 specifies the accessibility functional requirements applicable to products and services that include TIC (websites, software, apps nativas, documents, hardware, etc). In addition to describe testing procedures and the evaluation methodology for each requirement of accessibility.
Moreover, this new version of the IN 301-549 has been declared by the European commission as harmonised standard for the implementation of the Web Accessibility directive in Decisión de Ejecución (UE) 2018/2048 de la Comisión, de 20 de diciembre de 2018 . Por lo tanto, desde el 21 de diciembre de 2018, es el estándar que aplica en las Administraciones Públicas españolas.
Currently, this new version is available on the web of ETSI . No obstante, esta versión se materializa en la norma española UNE-EN 301549:2019 , que en virtud del acuerdo suscrito por la Secretaría de Estado de Función Pública y AENOR can be accessed through the PAe.
Accessibility guidelines for Web content (WCAG) 2.1
The Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.1 son la última versión de las pautas de accesibilidad del contenido en la Web del W3C (World Wide Web Consortium).
The new the version 2.1.2 IN 301-549:2018 is aligned with the WCAG 2.1 and therefore introduces all changes incorporated into this last: new criteria of conformity, new pattern "2.5 Modes of entry", etc.
It is also worth mentioning that in this new version have not been changed the criteria according to the WCAG 2.0, even his numbering.
Norma UNE 139803:2012. Requisitos de Accesibilidad para contenidos en la web.
Is a Spanish rule which provides accessibility requirements for the web content. In terms of its requirements reference completely to the accessibility guidelines for web content WCAG2.0 the Initiative for Web accessibility (WAI) of Web consortium (W3C) therefore there is a direct correlation between them. This rule updates the UNE 139803:2004.
The Secretaría de Estado de Administraciones Públicas tiene suscrito un acuerdo con AENOR for the free distribution of this rule through the Portal of E-government. Is prohibited the distribution of this document by other means other than authorized by AENOR.
Web Content Accessibility Guidelines WCAG 2.0
The WCAG 2.0 are an evolving WCAG 1.0. It is an international recommendation on how to make accessible the contents of the website for people with disabilities and approved in December 2008. Take into account the new technological factors and the experience of using the WCAG 1.0.
Standard ISO / IEC 40500:2012
The standard ISO / IEC 40500:2012 , aprobado en octubre de 2012, es el estándar internacional que recoge las pautas de accesibilidad web WCAG 2.0. De este modo, las diferentes legislaciones nacionales pueden recoger referencias a este estándar favoreciendo la armonización internacional.
UNE-EN 301 549, “ accessibility requirements of products and services TIC applicable to public procurement in Europa ” – “ Accessibility requirements suitable for public procurement of ICT products and services in Europe ”
This rule, the AT 301 549 sets the functional requirements that will guarantee that products and services TIC accessible to all people; for example, from a mobile phone, until computers via web pages; thus, the requirements for the web are based on the guidelines of web content accessibility WCAG 2.0, developed by W3C, still in line with those in the Spanish rule UNE 139803, ‘ accessibility requirements for contents in the Web ’. Furthermore, the European standard, published in ETSI describes testing procedures and the evaluation methodology of each of them. The standard has been taken to the catalogue English as UNE-EN 301 549 by AENOR, the entity legally responsible for the development of technical standards in spain.
The Secretariat of state of Public Administrations has signed an agreement with AENOR for the dissemination of this rule through the Portal of E-government. Is prohibited the distribution of this document by other means other than authorized by AENOR.
WAI-ARIA Accessible Rich Internet Applications
Norma UNE 139803:2004. Requisitos de Accesibilidad para contenidos en la web.
The standard UNE 139803:2004 is a Spanish rule, which has taken as the starting point for its realization guidelines for the accessibility of content on the Web 1.0 (WCAG 1.0) of the initiative for Web accessibility (WAI) of the consortium of the Web (W3C). in most accessibility requirements both rules are equivalent but the norm UNE is slightly more demanding and has increased the priority of any of these requirements. Therefore, a portal that meet the standard UNE will also be under the WCAG 1.0. However, a portal according to the WCAG 1.0 you might need to make some changes to achieve a certain level of accessibility according to the standard UNE.
Spanish legislation, by ROYAL DECREE 1494 / 2007, dated 12 November, which approves the Regulation on the basic conditions for the access of persons with disabilities to the information society obliges the websites of public administrations to meet the requirements of priority 1 and 2 specified in the standard UNE.
Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 1.0 WCAG
The WCAG 1.0 it is an international recommendation on how to make accessible the contents of the website for people with disabilities. Are grouped in the Initiative for Web accessibility (WAI) of Consortium of the Web (W3C).
Unified Methodology of Evaluation UWEM 1.0 Web
The UWEM 1.0 describes a methodology for the assessment of the implementation of the recommendation WCAG 1.0. The purpose of this methodology is to ensure that the tools and techniques developed evaluation for large-scale monitoring or for evaluation in local, compatible and coherent among themselves and with the initiative WAI.