Una interfaz de programación de aplicaciones o API es un mecanismo que permite la comunicación e intercambio de información entre sistemas. Las plataformas de datos abiertos, como datos.gob.es have this kind of tools to interact with the system of information and data available without a knowledge of the internal structure or the technology used in its development.
Thanks to the profiles, re-users can access the information they need automatically, still possible to adjust the download exclusively to the required data.
Increasingly agencies that bet for this type of mechanisms, especially to publish data with high update frequency as data in real time. directiva europea de sobre datos abiertos y reutilización de la información del sector público comes the need for this kind of mechanisms for the publication of dynamic data and high-value. Usual use Profiles for accessing weather data, public transport or those produced by urban monitoring sensors, although it is noteworthy that the Profiles are suitable to consume all kinds of data.
With the aim of helping those open data portals that does not yet have a API, since datos.gob.es has developed a Guide with the main guidelines to follow in defining and implementing this mechanism of access to data.