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Spain, prescriptora data open in Europe

21 november 2018

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For the fourth consecutive year, the European Data Portal has published the report European Open Data Maturity Landscaping 2018. The study reflects the current situation and the progress made by the various european countries in the area of open data.

The perpetrators of the report had identified a number of countries with high performance and a clear strategic approach in the area of open data, including Spain, to occupy the second-ranked by the second consecutive year. The priorities identified by these countries shows his deep understanding of the open data as strategic asset to drive the transformation.

General conclusions

The overall results show some heterogeneity in terms of transformation, as in the priorities of the countries surveyed in the whole of europe. In Addition, it is noted the leadership of the few european countries, including Spain, in developing strategic measures to exploit the value of open data.

This year the report introduces greater granularity in assessing more demanding the maturity of the open data at country level. To that end, add two new dimensions of study (impact and quality) to the indicators included in the previous editions (policy and portal). The focus on these four perspectives, the report of 2018 allows a more detailed understanding of the effort and performance of each country for over the past year.

The following chart shows the average scores obtained by all the european countries in each of the dimensions, which are described below:

Open Data Matutrity scores

  • Policy. This indicator values the existence of specific policies and coordination mechanisms on open data at the national level, as well as patterns of licensing. According to the study, european countries (EU28) reach a score of 82 per cent in this dimension. It is noteworthy that all the countries of the UE28 except sweden have a specific policy of open data.

  • Portal. This dimension analyzes the maturity of national platforms of open, paying particular attention to its functionality, use, the variety of data and the approach chosen to ensure its sustainability. In Europe (EU28), the average maturity in this dimension is 63 per cent. One third of the european countries are in an advanced level of maturity, while the remaining two thirds have a large room for improvement.

  • Quality. This dimension explores the level of automation of the european platforms, the accuracy and reliability of data and the level of compliance in terms of metadata standard DCAT-AP. In the territory analysed, the level of maturity in quality is 62 per cent. Only seven countries exceed 75 per cent.

  • Impact. The dimension “ impact ” analyses existing approaches and methodology developed at the national level to monitor and measure the re-use and impact of open data in four areas: political, social, environmental and economic. This dimension more room for improvement, as it currently stands at 50%.

The role of Spain

Spain is located above the european average in the four indicators analysed, with 93 per cent in politics, 97 per cent in impact, 78 per cent in the portal and 78 per cent in quality. In total, your score is 87 per cent, less than one level below that of ireland, took the first position.

The report brings together the countries surveyed, around 4 groups of maturity: beginners (beginners), Followers (supporters), Fast-trackers (advanced followers) and Trend-setter (trend-setting or business providers).

Open Data Matutrity clustering

Spain is in the group of business providers. This group is precisely the changes that have experienced over the previous year: in 2017: 15 countries that are members of this category and 2018 only stay 5, including spain.

In this group are those states that have a policy of open advanced with a high level of coordination across the country. According to the report, national platforms for such countries provide a wide range of features to meet the needs of editors and advanced users. In Addition, there are initiatives to promote the publication of high-quality data and the fulfilment of DCAT-AP.

With regard to the re-use, in this group of countries ecosystems exist open database with a high level of interaction focused on the reuse of open data in specific thematic Areas. In Addition, efforts were made to measure its impact.


The report ends with a series of recommendations to the respective groups of countries that can serve as a “ check-list ” for the next 12 months. We must not forget that the report also serves as a comparative evaluation, and the countries of the emerging more stages must take as a reference to the most advanced to move its level of maturity.

In the case of business providers such as spain, the report include, inter alia, the following recommendations (you can read the comprehensive recommendations in the here (Opens in new window) ):

  • Network with a wider range of data in real time. It is necessary to implement mechanisms to encourage the publishing partners.

  • Encourage the creation of policies based on data, through the dissemination of research to show the value of the reuse of open data by the public sector.

  • Work with educational institutions to provide advanced courses in the area of open data.

In short, the report shows how you can use the open data as a strategic asset to transform the world we live In Spain. we are going in the right direction, but we must continue to work to continue to occupy a leading position in Europe.

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