Despite these benefits, and government agencies Europeans increasingly provide information in open, has not yet reached the full potential in reuse by the public sector. With the aim to identify the barriers behind this fact, the European Data Portal just make a new study based on a series of interviews and workshops with experts in this field. The conclusions are contained in the report Analytical report 11: Re-use of PSI in the public sector .
Tres retos de la reutilización de la información en el sector público y cómo superarlos
07 March 2019
Enhance the experience of citizens, build collective intelligence and social participation or predictive analysis of trends and social needs, are some of the benefits of the reuse of public sector information by the administration itself, but there are many more.
Obstacles to reuse of PSI in the public sector
The report grouped barriers to reuse of PSI in the public sector in 3 groups:
Gap between supply and demand in the publication of PSI: one of the major challenges to reuse public sector information is the availability of data, not by its quantity, but by its lack of alignment with the interests of re-users, due to a lack of communication between suppliers and users. Furthermore, the data published did not always have the necessary quality, among other reasons, because of the lack of updating and homogeneity between different countries, which makes reuse is inefficient and costly. All this creates a lack of confidence in re-users with regard to public data open.
Ignorance about the availability and benefits of PSI: there is a widespread lack of knowledge about the reuse of public information and its benefits in the administration. The publication of data in open is considered more a duty that an opportunity, and possible reuse is more focused to private companies that own administration. Benefits such as improving transparency, reputation, reliability and trust are considered side effects of the publication, rather than potential benefits of reuse.
Insufficient management capabilities: More advanced capabilities IT - it may be necessary to some posts and project's, but not for all - one of the main barriers is the lack of attitude and general knowledge about the reuse of public information. for example, know the terms and conditions of the different licenses, know configure a human team that integrates different capabilities needed or seek funds, are some of the necessary capabilities that are not always present when you start a project of reuse. furthermore, there is a lack of leadership and coordination, with a large number of professionals working in silos, which makes it difficult to share best practices.
Three solutions to overcome these obstacles
To overcome these barriers, the European Data Portal proposes three different solutions:
Create a culture of exchange of data: most importantly, drawn, would enable and encourage communication to avoid the gap between the supply by suppliers and users' requirements regarding availability, quality, documentation and publication. The creation of a community where you share knowledge and resources or the creation of bilateral agreements between reutilizadores and suppliers, are some of the mechanisms that can help promote the culture of data exchange. Moreover, it is important that the public administrations take the directive PSI, which includes lines of action that can help promote reuse, for example, the use of common standards between countries of the European Union.
Empower re-users of PSI in the public sector: To raise awareness about the advantages of the reuse of public information within administrations is necessary to generate a sound strategy of communication. This should revolve around the specific needs of the public sector and how to reuse of public information can help overcome specific challenges. It is also important to launch training programmes or certification that help to acquire the knowledge necessary to start a project of reuse of public information.
Establish an effective organization for reusing PSI: to take advantage of all the benefits of this process, the ideal is to establish an ecosystem that breeds and support the development of skills. This includes the acquisition of talent with specific capabilities to the different roles, launch a technical infrastructure and implement the necessary tools.
Finally, the GROUP EDP sets out a series of recommendations in its report to become a successful reutilizador of PSI such as the use of resources for learning, diffusion of ideas within the organization or boost open data as an integral element of cases of business, among other actions.