In the course of their daily activity, the public Sector creates, collects and sends a large amount of data and information necessary for the development of their functions. This information is that could be reused by citizens and businesses with commercial purposes or not, in order to promote transparency, efficiency, civic participation and economic development. The digitization of information provided that this flow and processed quickly, allowing citizens and businesses add value to data reusable (in English, open data) from the public Sector , generating new business, applications and services, allowing the emergence of a new business sector: Infomediario sector .
The European Commission developed in 1998 the green paper on public Sector information in the information society, which was called attention to the need to improve synergies between the public and private sectors in the market information. Just five years later, his proposals inspired the Directive 2003 / 98 / CE the European Parliament and of the board of 17 November 2003, on the reuse of public sector information, which established a set of minimum standards and homogeneous criteria for the treatment of information that could be reused by natural or legal persons.
In Spain was adopted on 4 November 2005 the Moving Plan to foster technological convergence with Europa, which includes since its inception boost reuse of public sector information between companies and professionals in the digital content industry. Subsequently, the Directive 2003 / 98 / CE moved to the Spanish legal system with the Law 37 / 2007, of 16 November, reuse of public sector information , providing a regulatory framework for this activity for all the Spanish public administrations. The central axis of this provision was discretionary authorisation de reutilización de la información pública, garantizando la igualdad de condiciones a quienes la solicitaran.
These principles are those that in 2009 encouraged the memorandum on transparency and open government of Barak Obama, which led to the creation of the portal data.gov , great reference sector global . De forma simultánea, Tim Berners-Lee y Nigel Shadbolt impulsaron en el Reino Unido la iniciativa data.gov.uk .
In 2009 was launched in Spain the Draft Contributes , with the aim of creating the conditions for the desarrollo del mercado de la reutilización de la información del sector público as well as giving support for administrative units in the necessary technical and organisational to publish, in accordance with current legislation and the most friendly to reuse, the information access not restricted reflecting. Among its action lines included the creation and enrichment of permanent Catalogue of Reusable Public Information housed in the portal datos.gob.es , which is since then the meeting point of the reusable public information available from different government agencies national, regional and local levels. This portal is linked to the European Portal open data , which collects metadata from public sector information available in data portals of public access the different European countries.
The Project Provides part of awareness-raising measures and dissemination of law 37 / 2007, of 16 November, reuse of public sector information that were collected in Strategy Plan 2011-2015 Moves 2 in line with the Digital Agenda for Europe . Also of these measures arose the Royal Decree 1495 / 2011 of 24 October, which develops the law 37 / 2007 of 16 November, on the reuse of public sector information for the public sector state, within a framework of free competition. The adoption in 2013 Digital Agenda for Spain , to comply with the objectives of the European Digital Agenda in 2020, continued to promote the initiative datos.gob.es .
For its part, the European Commission launched Directive 2013 / 37 / UE the European Parliament and advice, 26 June 2013, amending Directive 2003 / 98 / CE concerning the reuse of public sector information. Consequently, the executive English adopted Law 18 / 2015 , de 9 de julio, por la que se modifica la Ley 37/2007, de 16 de noviembre, sobre reutilización de la información del sector público y, actualmente, el Real Decreto 1495/2011 está en proceso de modificación. Las principales novedades de la modificación legislativa son la obligación de autorizar la reutilización de los documentos, excepto las excepciones contempladas en la normativa aplicable y, en especial, las relativas a la protección de datos personales; el uso de formatos abiertos y legibles por máquina; el fomento de licencias abiertas; y la clarificación del cálculo de tarifas y su transparencia.
Currently, the initiative datos.gob.es – in constant growth - is the European leader with 152 initiatives, 35 of the state administration, 17 administrations, 91 of Local Administrations and 7 universities; is the open data initiative better prepared and more mature of the European Union, according to monitoring indicators made by the European authority.