The need for cooperation is especially acute in the european Union. The citizens of the european union generally have to interact with the administrations of other member states other than their own; the governments of the various Member states must cooperate with each other to solve problems of citizens, as well as with the community institutions for matters related to common policies. Interoperability is an indispensable element for the cooperation and, in particular, to the practical realization of the digital public services.
In this context of the community interoperability is relevant to the realization of the principle of only once (once-only principle) and specifically for areas such as the internal market, environment, justice, customs, taxation, health, food safety, european funds, public sector information, electronic identity, standardization, statistics and ICT procurement.
Accordingly, the achievement of interoperability between administrations is considered in the european Union as an essential aspect for improving the efficiency and effectiveness of the provision of services, while sharing and reuse of interoperability solutions already existing ones may help contain the multiplication of costs. This important role of interoperability in various community acts as, among the most recent ones, European Interoperability framework , Ministerial declaration of Tallinn , Decision ISA ² and The Plan of action of electronic administration 2016-2020 , among others.
In particular, Ministerial declaration of electronic administration in tallinn; adopted on 6 october 2017, reinforces the commitment to the principles of The Plan of action of electronic administration 2016-2020 e includes among its lines of action relating to the principle of only once and interoperability by default, to promote, essentially, the reuse of data in the registers primary school establishments and solutions from both the eu ( THE FSB Telecom and ISA ² ), as of the administrations of member states.
Are especially involved interoperability in the eu's actions ISA ² programme , digital services and infrastructure basic components (building blocks) outcome of the instrument THE FSB Telecom as well as other proceedings under way as standardization Ict.
ISA ² programme
(Interoperability Solutions and common frameworks for public administrations, businesses and citizens) in force in the period 2016-2020, work is continuing preprograms (IDA, IDA II, IDABC, ISA) to promote interoperability in the eu; to facilitate interaction and cross-border electronic efficient and effective both among european public administrations and between them and businesses and citizens, and to contribute to the development of e-administration more efficient, simplified and user-oriented in the national, regional and local levels of public administration; promote interoperability solutions to facilitate the implementation of the policies and activities of the union; and facilitate the reuse of interoperability solutions by european public administrations.
ISA ² with its financing promotes an extensive collection of actions including:
- maintenance of the strategy, the framework and the european architecture of interoperability;
- promoting interoperability solutions existing and new, and reuse;
- mechanisms to quantify savings in costs of interoperability;
- detection of legislative gaps in the field of interoperability and evaluation of the implications in ict community legislation.
The Observatory of the National Frameworks for interoperability ( NIFO – National Interoperability Framework Observatory ) is an action ISA ² programme the follow-up by european countries of the following issues:
- The main activities on interoperability.
- The framework of interoperability.
- The alignment with the European Interoperability framework .
- Other initiatives on interoperability.
For each country develops a tab after studying the interoperability framework and related activities through an analytical model which aims to show the status of art.
The European union launched in 2013, the ‘ Connect Europe mechanism ’ (Connecting Europe Facility – FSB ) to finance the deployment of infrastructure for connectivity pan-europeas of member states in the fields of energy, transport and telecommunications. The domain of telecommunication, known as THE FSB Telecom finances infrastructure development of digital services whose purpose is to allow digital interactions between public authorities citizens and businesses through standard platforms for interaction, transboundary and user-friendly.
The infrastructure of digital services which have a more sectoral nature are: access to digital resources of the european heritage; services infrastructure for a safer internet; european platform for interconnection of business registers; access to public sector information can be reused; and online services border interoperable (in areas of justice, social security, etc.).
In addition, some of the infrastructure of digital services have the character of ‘ basic components. These components are: basic identification and electronic authentication; delivery of documents; electronic automated translation; cybersecurity; and electronic invoicing and electronic filing.
The european standardization ict is an instrument for the achievement of interoperability. Is the
Regulation (EU) No. 1025/2012
on european standardisation and the platform European Multi-stakeholder Platform on ICT Standardisation (MSP-ICT)
advising the commission, particularly in connection with the identification of technical specifications
that can be referenced in the procurement.