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Accessibility is a problematic treated and widely hailed in both national and international. This is why they have created a series of resources that allow you to specify the characteristics that must meet the content available through Web technologies, Intranets and other computer networks, so that they can be used by most of the people, including people with disabilities and elderly, autonomously or through technical aids pertinentes.Entre these resources are:

Standard In 301 549:2018, version 2.1.2, "accessibility requirements for products and services TIC"

The standard AT 301 version 2.1.2 549:2018 (Opens in new window) especifica los requisitos funcionales de accesibilidad aplicables a los productos y servicios que incluyan TIC (sitios web, software, apps nativas, documentos, hardware, etc). Además de describir los procedimientos de prueba y la metodología de evaluación a seguir para cada requisito de accesibilidad.

Moreover, this new version of the IN 301-549 has been declared by the European commission as harmonised standard for the implementation of the Web Accessibility directive in Implementation decision (HAT) 2018 / 2048 of the committee, 20 December 2018 . Therefore, from 21 December 2018, is the standard that applies in the Spanish public administrations.

Actualmente esta nueva versión se puede consultar en inglés en la web de ETSI (Opens in new window) . No obstante, esta versión se materializa en la norma española UNE-EN 301549:2019 , que en virtud del acuerdo suscrito por la Secretaría de Estado de Función Pública y AENOR (Opens in new window) can be accessed through the PAe.

Accessibility guidelines for Web content (WCAG) 2.1

The Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.1 son la última versión de las pautas de accesibilidad del contenido en la Web del W3C (World Wide Web Consortium).

The new the version 2.1.2 IN 301-549:2018 (Opens in new window) está alineada con las WCAG 2.1 y por lo tanto introduce todos los cambios incorporados a esta última: nuevos criterios de conformidad, nueva pauta "2.5 Modalidades de entrada", etc.

It is also worth mentioning that in this new version have not been changed the criteria according to the WCAG 2.0, even his numbering.

UNE 139803:2012 norm. Accessibility requirements for web content.

Is a Spanish rule which provides accessibility requirements for the web content. In terms of its requirements reference completely to the accessibility guidelines for web content WCAG2.0 (Opens in new window) the Initiative for Web accessibility (Opens in new window) (WAI) of Web consortium (Opens in new window) (W3C) por lo tanto hay una equivalencia directa entre ellas. Esta norma actualiza la UNE 139803:2004.

The Secretariat of state of Public Administrations has signed an agreement with AENOR (Opens in new window) for the free distribution of this rule through the Portal of E-government. Is prohibited the distribution of this document by other means other than authorized by AENOR.

Web Content Accessibility Guidelines WCAG 2.0

The WCAG 2.0 (Opens in new window) are an evolving WCAG 1.0. It is an international recommendation on how to make accessible the contents of the website for people with disabilities and approved in December 2008. Take into account the new technological factors and the experience of using the WCAG 1.0.

Standard ISO / IEC 40500:2012

The standard ISO / IEC 40500:2012 (Opens in new window) , adopted in October 2012, is the international standard that reflects the patterns of web accessibility WCAG 2.0. In this way, different national legislations can collect references to this standard favoring international harmonization.

UNE-EN 301 549, “Requisitos de accesibilidad de productos y servicios TIC aplicables a la contratación pública en Europa” – “Accessibility requirements suitable for public procurement of ICT products and services in Europe”

This rule, the AT 301 549 (Opens in new window) , establece los requisitos funcionales que garantizarán que los productos y servicios TIC sean accesibles para todas las personas; por ejemplo, desde un teléfono móvil, hasta ordenadores, pasando por páginas web; así, los requisitos para la web se basan en las directrices de accesibilidad de contenidos web WCAG 2.0, desarrolladas por W3C, estando en línea con los indicados en la norma española UNE 139803, ‘Requisitos de accesibilidad para contenidos en la Web’. Además, la norma europea, publicada en ETSI (Opens in new window) describes testing procedures and the evaluation methodology of each of them. The standard has been taken to the catalogue English as UNE-EN 301 549 by AENOR, the entity legally responsible for the development of technical standards in spain.

The Secretariat of state of Public Administrations has signed an agreement with AENOR (Opens in new window) for the dissemination of this rule through the Portal of E-government. Is prohibited the distribution of this document by other means other than authorized by AENOR.

WAI-ARIA Accessible Rich Internet Applications

WAI-ARIA (Opens in new window) , adopted in March 2014, is an international recommendation which defines how do the content and applications sites more accessible to people with disabilities. It is especially helpful for dynamic content generation and for advanced user interfaces developed with AJAX, HTML and Javascript. It encompasses in the Initiative for Web accessibility (WAI) (Opens in new window) from Consortium of the Web (W3C) (Opens in new window) .

UNE 139803:2004 norm. Accessibility requirements for web content.

La norma UNE 139803:2004 es una norma española, que ha tomado como punto de partida para su realización las Directrices para la Accesibilidad de los contenidos en la Web 1.0 (WCAG 1.0) de la Iniciativa para la Accesibilidad Web (WAI) del Consorcio de la Web (W3C). En la mayoría de los requisitos de accesibilidad ambas normas son equivalentes pero la norma UNE es ligeramente más exigente y ha incrementado la prioridad de alguno de estos requisitos. Por lo tanto, un portal que cumpla la norma UNE será también conforme a las WCAG 1.0. Sin embargo, un portal conforme a las WCAG 1.0 es posible que tenga que realizar alguna modificación para alcanzar un determinado nivel de accesibilidad según la norma UNE.

La legislación española, mediante el REAL DECRETO 1494/2007, de 12 de noviembre, por el que se aprueba el Regulation on the basic conditions for the access of persons with disabilities to the information society obliga a las webs de las Administraciones Públicas a cumplir los requisitos de prioridad 1 y 2 especificados en la norma UNE.

Unified Methodology of Evaluation UWEM 1.0 Web

The UWEM 1.0 (Opens in new window) describes a methodology for the assessment of the implementation of the recommendation WCAG 1.0. The purpose of this methodology is to ensure that the tools and techniques developed evaluation for large-scale monitoring or for evaluation in local, compatible and coherent among themselves and with the initiative WAI.

General access point
General access point