Accessibility is an issue treated and considered prominently in both national and international levels. This led to the creation of a number of resources to specify the characteristics which must meet the content available through Internet Web technologies, Intranets and other computer networks, so that they may be used by most people, including persons with disabilities and elderly persons, independently or through the technical aids pertinentes.Entre these resources include:
Rule In 301 549:2018, version 2.1.2, "accessibility requirements for ict products"
The standard 301 549:2018 Version 2.1.2 specifies the functional requirements of accessibility applicable to products and services that include ICT (websites, software, native apps, documents, hardware, etc). In addition to describe the procedures and the evaluation methodology to follow for each requirement.
In addition, this new version of the IN 301-549 has been declared by the european commission as a standard harmonized system for the implementation of the Directive of Web Accessibility in the Implementation decision (EU) 2018/2048 of 20 december 2018 . Therefore, from 21 december 2018, is the standard that applies in the spanish Public Administrations.
This new version is available at the site of ETSI . However, this version is manifest in the spanish rule UNE-EN 301549:2019 , which under the agreement signed by the state secretariat of the civil service and AENOR can be consulted through the PAe.
Accessibility standards Web content accessibility guidelines (WCAG) 2.1
The Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.1 are the latest version of the guidelines of accessibility of Web content of the W3C (World Wide Web Consortium).
The new version 2.1.2 of IN 301-549:2018 it is aligned with the WCAG 2.1 and therefore introduces all changes to the latter: new approaches in accordance, new pattern "2.5 Modalities of entry", etc.
It is also worth mentioning that in this new version did not change the criteria of conformity in the pre-existing WCAG 2.0 or even their numbering.
UNE 139803:2012. Accessibility requirements for web content.
It is a spanish rule that establishes the requirements of accessibility to the web content. In terms of its requirements reference of the Patterns of Web content accessibility WCAG2.0 of the Initiative for Web accessibility (WAI) of Web consortium (W3C) there is therefore a direct equivalence between them. This regulation updates the UNE 139803:2004.
The State secretariat for Public Administrations has signed an agreement with AENOR for the free distribution of this rule through the Portal of E-government. Is prohibited the distribution of this document by other than those authorized by AENOR.
Web Content Accessibility Guidelines WCAG 2.0
The WCAG 2.0 it is an evolution of the WCAG 1.0. This is a recommendation on how to make accessible the contents of the website to persons with disabilities and were adopted in december 2008. Take into account the new technological factors and the experience derived from the use of the WCAG 1.0.
Standard ISO/IEC 40500:2012
The standard ISO/IEC 40500:2012 adopted in october 2012, is the international standard reflecting the web accessibility guidelines WCAG 2.0. Thus, the various national legislations can collect references to this standard in favour of the international harmonization.
UNE-EN 301 549, “ requirements of accessibility of ICT products and services applicable to public procurement in europe ” – “ Accessibility requirements suitable for public procurement of ICT products and services in Europe ”
This rule, 301 549 establishes the requirements that will ensure that functional ict products to be accessible to all persons; for example, from a mobile phone to computers, via web pages; thus, the requirements for the web are based on the accessibility of web content WCAG 2.0, developed by THE W3C, being in line with the standard UNE 139803 spanish ‘ accessibility requirements for Web content. In addition, the european standard, issued in ETSI , describes the testing procedures and methodology for assessment of each of them. This rule has been adopted to our catalog english as UNE-EN 301 549 by AENOR, the legal entity responsible for the development of technical standards in Spain.
The State secretariat for Public Administrations has signed an agreement with AENOR for the dissemination of this rule through the Portal of E-government. Is prohibited the distribution of this document by other than those authorized by AENOR.
WAI-ARIA Accessible Rich Internet Applications
UNE 139803:2004. Accessibility requirements for web content.
The standard UNE 139803:2004 is a spanish rule, which has taken as a starting point for its realization the guidelines for the Accessibility of content in the Web 1.0 (WCAG 1.0) of the initiative on the Web Accessibility (WAI) of the partnership in the Web (W3C). In most of the requirements of accessibility both norms are equivalent but the standard UNE is slightly more demanding and has increased the priority of one of these conditions. Therefore, a portal to fulfil the UNE will also be in accordance with the WCAG 1.0. However, a portal in accordance with the WCAG 1.0 you might need to make any modification to achieve a certain level of accessibility according to the standard UNE.
Spanish law, by royal decree 1494/2007 of 12 november, which was adopted. Regulation on the basic conditions for persons with disabilities with access to the information society forced to websites of the public administrations to meet the requirements of priority 1 and 2 specified in the standard UNE.
Web Content Accessibility Guidelines WCAG 1.0
Unified Methodology of Evaluation UWEM Web 1.0
The UWEM 1.0 describes a methodology for assessing compliance with the recommendation WCAG 1.0. The purpose of this methodology is to ensure that the tools and evaluation techniques developed for the large-scale monitoring or to assess locally, they are compatible and consistent with one another and with the initiative WAI.