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Major developments of the RD 1112/2018

Since the Observatory of Web Accessibility have prepared the following materials that aim at clarifying the precepts of RD 1112/2018, how to implement them and the deadlines within which this must be done:


The Royal Decree 1112/2018, of 7 september on accessibility of websites and applications for mobile devices in the public sector (Opens in new window) (available english translation of the RD 1112/2018 (Opens in new window) ), adopted at the proposal of the then ministry of Territorial policy and Public Function, economy and business, health, consumption and Social welfare, reflected the spanish legal system Directive (EU) 2016/2102 of the european parliament and of the council of 26 october 2016, on the accessibility of websites and applications for mobile devices of the public sector agencies (Opens in new window) .

( English Version ) Royal Decree 1112/2018 (Opens in new window) , on the accessibility of websites and mobile applications in the public sector (PDF)

This Royal Decree covers all websites and mobile applications of the public sector, since those belonging to the government, courts and police services in hospitals, universities and public libraries, making them accessible to all citizens, especially those with hearing disabilities, visual or functional.

In this way, the new royal decree replaces and improves the conditions that were already in demanding the gates of the public authorities since the entry into force on 31 december 2008 Royal Decree 1494/2007 (Opens in new window) .

The most significant changes introduced are as follows:

  • The matching of accessibility requirements to standard spanish european harmonized based on the rule IN 301 549 “ requirements of accessibility of ICT products and services applicable to public procurement in europe ” and which in turn is linked to the WCAG 2.1 (Opens in new window) .
  • The inclusion of mobile applications developed by public administrations which are to be accessible, before 23 june 2021.
  • La inclusión de intranets o extranets nuevas o que se renueven sustancialmente a partir del 23 de septiembre de 2019.
  • In each gateway and mobile application must include a statement of accessibility, according to the model established at european level ( Implementation decision (EU) 2018/1523 of the commission which establishes a model statement of accessibility in accordance with the directive (EU) 2016/2102 (Opens in new window) .
  • It establishes a mechanism for communication on accessibility requirements to enable users to inform the agency of the public sector any possible non-compliance with accessibility requirements set out, transmit difficulties of access to content and make suggestions for improvements relating to accessibility.
  • A mechanism of communication to request the persons concerned the information on content that are excluded from the scope of application of this royal decree or exempt from compliance with accessibility requirements, as well as the submission of complaints relating to compliance with accessibility requirements.
  • In addition there is a complaint mechanism available to all persons concerned.
  • Contains provisions for conduct regular monitoring of the implementation of the royal decree through decentralized management. To that end, each entity bound will determine the "unit responsible for accessibility" that will be responsible for coordinating and give effect to the forecasts, and shall act as canalizadora of information to the agency responsible for monitoring and reporting functions of which were developed by the ministry of economic and Digital Processing (responsibilities transferred from the ministry of Territorial policy and Public Service).
  • There will be public reports to the european commission every three years of the state of implementation (EU) 2016/2102. The first of these reports by 23 december 2021, and the 2020-2021 comprendrá period.
  • Follow-up, monitoring and reporting shall fulfil requirements imposed by the european commission ( Implementation decision (EU) 2018/1524 of the commission to establish a methodology for monitoring and reporting arrangements of reports by member states in accordance with the directive (EU) 2016/2102 (Opens in new window) ).
  • Extends the application of the web accessibility to public funding for its maintenance, and those that provide public services through a contractual regime with public administrations.

To assist the implementation of all these measures will be essential the role that the units responsible for accessibility, which will be responsible for ensuring compliance with accessibility requirements of the websites and applications for mobile devices within its sphere of competence. They should ensure their implementation in all areas of the organization, both technical and functional and involve all actors requirements: it departments, responsible for content editing, responsible for publications, responsible for communication and the press, responsible, etc.

Entry into force

The Royal decree entered into force on 20 september 2018, following its publication in the “ official gazette of the state ” with the following exceptions:

  • For the websites, the provisions of articles 10.2.b), 12 and 13 shall apply to the year of entry into force of this royal decree, and the two years for websites already issued.
  • All the provisions relating to applications for mobile devices will apply from the 23 june 2021 .

On 11 october 2018 the european commission adopted 2 implementing acts, issued by two decisions, who come into force on 1 november 2018:

  • Decision 2018/1523 (Opens in new window) - provides the declaration of accessibility that should employ all websites and mobile applications of the public sector agencies.
  • Decision 2018/1524 (Opens in new window) - provides a methodology for monitoring and reporting arrangements that will have to comply with member states to conduct monitoring at the national level to meet the requirements of the directive and make the periodic report every three years the european commission.

On 21 december 2018 the european commission published the Implementation decision (EU) 2018/2048 of 20 december 2018 (Opens in new window) on the harmonized rule applicable to the websites and applications for mobile devices drafted in support of the directive (EU) 2016/2102 of the european parliament and council.

Through this decision established that the standard for compliance with the requirements is the norm (Opens in new window)

On 12 august 2021 issued the Implementation decision (EU) 2021/1339 of 11 august 2021 (Opens in new window) amending implementation decision (EU) 2018/2048 with regard to the harmonized rule applicable to websites and applications for mobile devices.

The decision replaces the standard (Opens in new window) the new " 301 549 V3.2.1 (2021-03). Accessibility requirements for products and services of icts (Opens in new window) ", coexisting both standards until 11 february 2002 . From 12 february 2002 Only apply the new rule 301 549 V3.2.1 (2021-03) (Opens in new window) .

Timeline of the implementation of the royal decree together with the events