The european commission published a study on the impact of open source software (OSS) and the open source hardware (OSH) in the european economy, conducted by Fraunhofer INSTITUTE and OpenForum Europe. The study estimates that open source software contributes between $65 billion and eur 95 billion to gdp of the european Union and promises major opportunities for growth for the digital economy in the region. In order to achieve this, the Eu should actively participate in a transition towards greater openness in its political culture and investment.
The report recommends to the eu to implement a specific industrial policy of open code and include it in its main policy frameworks, such as the European Green and the law of IA. It also recommends the creation of a european network of government units dedicated to accelerate use of open technologies, providing a substantial funding mechanisms and projects to support open source, for example, through the flagship program Horizon Europe with a total budget 95.5 billion euros for 2021-2027. and in the direction of open innovation in the pursuit of the block for autonomy.
Governments and businesses in the eu have noticed the potential of Open by investing more than a billion euros in open source development only in 2018. Data predict that if the open source contributions increased by 10 per cent in the eu, would generate between 0.4 per cent and 0.6 per cent (around eur 100 billion) of the GDP of the block. In reaping such benefits, researchers say the need for cultural change deep and significant investments in open technologies.
The report consists of:
- economic analysis
- policy analysis in 13 eu countries, America and Asia
- case studies on software and open source hardware
- policy recommendations in areas such as industrial policies, education, research and development, and in relation to the creation of institutional capacity for the digital autonomy of the eu.