A few weeks ago,
the subject of an article what were the most demanded data
among those offered by the autonomous communities, and their compliance with driving standards to reuse. On this occasion, have put the focus on local entities. For the list has been taken as a reference the same questionnaire, where they were asked to identify in a simple sets of data published by the organization and that in its view meet the characteristics mentioned. The government and municipalities that have worked are:
The majority of participants are Municipalities, but also find two election candidacies. play an important role in the ecosystem of open, as promoters of the opening of data in municipalities of small size, without which could not carry out these tasks. They are fundamental in nature highlight data substantively consolidated, interesting and useful.
These 17 local entities are just a small sample of the ecosystem open data at the local level in spain, but the presence in our country of such projects is much higher. In particular, have identified Datos.gob.es
230 local initiatives
Transport, environment and public sector, the most highly demanded data
The responses of the participating agencies in the survey, is extracted the data sets most respondents are as follows (
see in PDF accessible
estacan 3 categories: data for transport, environment and public sector. Three key areas to achieve an efficient and sustainable cities.
In the case of the data of transport, are those related to the status of traffic, the car parks and public services (like buses or public bikes), keys to move a system of environmentally friendly transport, in line with what "marked on the
Sustainable mobility strategy and intelligent
". These data are available in real time, facilitating their reuse and helping to more efficient management of mobility on the part of public administrations, private companies and individuals.
The data on air quality are the most prominent of the environment, stressing the growing concern by pollution in our cities. We must not forget that according to the study
Air quality in the spanish state for 2020
prepared by Ecologistas en acción, 42 million people polluted air breathed a sigh of relief over the past year (i.e., 88.4 per cent of the population), which resulted in 30 000 premature deaths. Government agencies are increasingly aware of this situation; and evaluations of air quality
on a regular basis, which has led to the installation of more monitoring stations. In spain there are Currently 616 monitoring stations to carry out the evaluation officer
, 535 measured NO2 and 475 record information on levels of PM10, which give rise to a number of valuable data for reutlización and decision-making.
In the category of environment we also find datasets related to the management of waste, noise pollution or the setting in the urban community.
With regard to the public sector is a large number of datasets related to town planning and infrastructure, such as the toledo, mapping municipal or immovable property only. They also highlight datasets linked with the activity of Public Administrations, transparency and accountability, such as contracts, budgets or grants.
Other main categories are the economy, employment and tourism, with data sets to the directory of businesses or hotels and restaurants; culture and leisure, where we find datasets on sports facilities or the agenda; or health, with information on health centres, pharmacies or covid data. Finally, have also been included datases of education, society and well-being, demography, science and technology, and housing.
It is noteworthy that a large majority of data sets were highlighted by the Municipalities and candidacies are included in the guide
Open database FEMP 2019: 40 sets of data published by local entities
by the Federation of municipalities and provinces of Spain
(FEMP). It reproduces a number of datasets accorded priority and should be issued in open by local authorities, as well as instructions for it in a harmonised facilitate interoperability. They also coincide with the vocabularies
promoted from the project Open city
. It is therefore an opportunity for progress in standardization of the way in which the data are published.
Why do local open?
The possibility of local data, updated and differentiated by municipalities (or even districts or streets), allows to know the reality of each geographical area in a more concrete. Allows you to appreciate differences and needs, and on that basis, make more informed decisions that will help to promote public policies in line with the demands of citizens.
These data also can be reused, both by the administration itself and third parties, to launch products
public services closer to citizens
. This is the case of applications, which inform us of what is the most efficient and fast to reach our destination; or the apps for recycling, which show us where they are the points clean and waste containers.
In short, the publication and reuse of open data not only benefits the citizens, but also the administrations to play a more efficient management.
Original source of news