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PAe - The European Commission gives the first steps towards a common data policy
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La Comisión Europea da los primeros pasos hacia una política de datos común

18 January 2017

The European Commission has proposed last day 10 a battery of legal solutions and policies to boost the economy of the data of the HAT, in the context of its strategy for the Digital Single Market presented in May 2015.

The European Commission has proposed a little more than a week important legal solutions and policies to boost the economy of the data of the HAT, in the context of its Strategy for the Digital Single Market (Opens in new window) filed in May 2015.

The Commission wants to address this problem because now the HAT is not take full advantage of the possibilities offered data. To correct this situation, it is necessary to combat unjustified restrictions on the free movement of data across borders, as well as several legal uncertainties. The Communication today outlines political and legal solutions to boost the economy of data in Europa. The committee has also launched two public consultations and a discussion with the member states and stakeholders in order to define the next steps.

In the communication, the committee has also proposed that states interested members participate in cross-border projects that explore emerging issues related to the data in situations realistic. Some projects on mobility cooperative connected and automated (CC), which allows for vehicles connect with each other and with the infrastructure of the road, are already under way in some Member states. The Commission wants to rely on these projects and test the regulatory implications of access to data and responsibility in connection therewith.

Se estima que la economía de los datos supuso en la Unión 272 000 millones EUR en 2015 (crecimiento anual del 5,6 %) y que podría dar empleo a 7,4 millones de personas para 2020. Los datos pueden utilizarse para mejorar prácticamente cualquier aspecto de la vida cotidiana, desde el análisis empresarial a la previsión meteorológica, desde una nueva era en el ámbito de la medicina que permita una atención personalizada a unas carreteras más seguras y con menos atascos. Por este motivo, la Comunicación de la Comisión subraya el papel de la libre circulación de datos en la UE.

Moreover, a internal study (Opens in new window) señala la existencia de numerosas restricciones jurídicas o administrativas, sobre todo en forma de requisitos de localización de los datos nacionales, que afectan a la totalidad del mercado de datos de la UE. La supresión de estas restricciones podría generar hasta 8 000 millones EUR de PIB al año.

All these initiatives are based on strict rules of protection of personal data (the General rules of data protection adopted last year (Opens in new window) ) and the confidentiality of electronic communications (see proposal today on the electronic privacy (Opens in new window) ), dado que la confianza es la base sobre la que se puede construir una economía de los datos.

The general regulation of data protection (RGPD) regulates the full treatment of personal data in the HAT, including the data generated by machines or industrial data that uniquely identify an individual or make identifiable. Through the establishment of standards of data protection strict and uniform, guarantees the free movement of personal data in the HAT. However, the RGPD does not apply to non-personal data that are industrial or generated by machines, or obstacles to the movement of personal data based on different grounds of their protection, for example, associated with accounting or tax law.

Con el fin de aprovechar al máximo los datos para la economía europea, la Comisión:

  • Structured dialogues with member states and stakeholders to discuss the proportionality of restrictions on location of data. The objective will also collect more information about the nature of such restrictions and their impact on businesses, particularly SMEs and new creation, and public sector entities.
  • Pondrá en marcha, si resultan necesarias y adecuadas, medidas coercitivas y, en su caso, adoptará nuevas iniciativas para combatir las restricciones injustificadas o desproporcionadas relacionadas con la localización de los datos.

The Commission has also examined the legal uncertainty created by developments associated with the economy of data and you want to know the different views on the possible legal and policy responses in relation to:

  • Access to data and its transfer. The extensive use of non-personal data generated by machines can lead to great innovations, start-up companies and new business models born in the HAT.
  • The responsibility regarding products and services based on data. The current regulations of the HAT on liability is not adapted to products and services digital and based on data from today.
  • La portabilidad de los datos. Actualmente, la portabilidad de los datos no personales resulta complicada, por ejemplo cuando una empresa quiere trasladar grandes cantidades de datos propios de un proveedor de servicios en la nube a otro.

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