Through that document, lays the foundation on which the universities in spain can open your data in a coherent, developing policies in open access to knowledge, both as investigator.
The document provides a general introduction to the culture of open data, making a tour of the different concepts and their foundations and including examples of initiatives. In turn promotes corporate decision-making minimum orientation and thrust of efforts with a range of basic formulations of these policies and assuming the decalogue of good practice in the opening of the data set up in the day Open Data in Euskadi, held in the year 2012:
1. Publication of data in open formats and standards.
2. Schemes and metadata common vocabulary.
3. Inventory in a catalogue of structured data.
4. Data accessible from web addresses pollutants and friendly.
5. Least datasets relating to the level of competence of the agency and its strategy of exposure data
6. Commitment of service, updating and quality of data.
7. Monitoring and evaluation of the use and service through metrics.
8. Data under conditions of use and non-restrictive.
9. Evangelization and education on the use of data.
10. Compilation of applications, tools and manuals to motivate and facilitate the re-use.
To help universities to develop data open, it has been carried out a review of data portals open universities at international level, and the result of this document includes a list of categories of most common data published by academic institutions. In addition, the panel CRUE-TIC is currently working on a consensual initial census datasets (access, qualifications, enrolment and graduation of students, teaching provided, investigation, human resources, economy, and material resources) to increase the value of information to facilitate their combination and comparison, to link the data and development provide new products and services.
This guide also provides a series of technical recommendations to guide and facilitate the technical analysis it departments of universities to undertake the path towards publishing their data into open.
These guidelines provide for three levels of complexity in the development of a portal open data taking into account the scale of published data and frequency of update:
- 1: Level Up to 100 datasets and up to 10 datasets for updating weekly.
- 2: Level Up to 1,000 datasets, up to 100 datasets for updating weekly.
- 3: Level Exceeding 1,000 datasets or more than 100 sets that require updating semanal.En that basis, the document analyzes the technological solutions and describes some infrastructure for guidance including metadata structure; the formats (structured, semantics, enriched); the storage of information; frameworks; integration with the existing information systems and languages.
Finally, described the efforts of open data put in place or in 7 spanish universities: Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, University of Alicante, Universitat Jaume I, Leon university and University of Granada.
With this type of work, the group CRUE-TIC aims to stimulate coordinated to avoid replicating the efforts of analysis and design of solutions and foster collaboration between universities.