PAe - the resources of the spatial data infrastructure of Spain
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The resources of the spatial data infrastructure of Spain

21 june 2019

The ultimate objective of the project is to ensure that all these valuable data to be accessible through Internet and in an integrated format increase its usefulness on when handling separately.

The Spatial data infrastructure of Spain (IDEE) (Opens in new window) it is an ambitious project to harmonize and merge geographic data handled all spanish public administrations, as well as different geographic information services.

In this way, and as any effort to integrate data or metadata information services, the IDEE implies a major effort to complete and standardize data, and to make them accessible to fulfil not only technical standards and protocols of interoperability, but also the relevant legal frameworks. But, as also tends to occur in the efforts of these features, there are a number of positive externalities that manifest themselves as advances to participants or improvements in processes of coordination of the later benefit other initiatives.

El encargado de coordinar la IDEE es el Ministerio de Fomento a través del  Geographic High Council (Opens in new window) that is a collegiate body comprising all producers of digital geographic data that it aims to integrate in the three levels of government in Spain. Also collaborate with the IDEE investigation teams of universities and public and private companies working with geographic information technologies.

The Geographic High Council also serves as a point of contact with the european commission for the implementation of the Inspire Directive (Opens in new window) (Infrastructure for Spatial Information in Europe) in Spain, which provides the IDEE the legal framework at european level. Inspire lays down general rules for the establishment of an infrastructure for spatial information in the eu, with a clear vocation and based on environmental infrastructure compatible and interoperable member states. He proposed a since 2007 model to encourage openness and reuse of geographical data (Opens in new window) that has served as an example to the momentum of open policies in the public sector at european level, including the Directive on the reuse of public sector information (Opens in new window) .

Some of the benefits that have already been realized as a result of the IDEE are the major production projects that we have described between digital treasures national geographical institute (Opens in new window) as the national Plan of Air Ortofotografía ( PNOA (Opens in new window) ) o el Sistema de Información de Ocupación del Suelo de España ( SIOSE (Opens in new window) ).

In the geoportal of IDEE published all sets of data and metadata and geographical information services that are encapsulated in the project. The geoportal includes services as a catalogue of data makes it possible to locate and access the different sets of data and metadata exchange or a renderer for maps that allows even conduct panoramic flight. Of course, the data sets are available not only for consultation but it is also possible in most cases be downloaded as open database for reuse for interested users.

In the resources section of the geoportal of IDEE there are also two special sections providing added value beyond the own sets of data:

  • A compilation of free tools (Opens in new window) in several ways to work with data from geographical character. Between the free tools we can find for example different viewers maps that can be integrated in web applications. These are applications of data on maps that have been developed by different international and regional governments that have been made available to the public through an application programming interface (API) as part of their spatial data infrastructures (IDE). In the section also highlights services such as the unloading of geographical objects in asynchronous form based on the Web standard Processing Service (WPS), services for the transformation of coordinates or 3D viewers.

According to the Reusing Open Data report (Opens in new window) prepared by the European Data Portal, geographical data are the second category of data and reused is consulted by companies in member countries of the european Union. Both in terms of availability of data sets as its harmonisation there is a degree of maturity that have not found in other sectors. In Addition, we can say that in the area of geographic information, spain has not been limited to pursue the european legislation, whose deployment would not be completed until 2021, but has represented an example in their commitment and has gone beyond the minimum obligations imposed by Inspiration.

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